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Actor Computing & Awareness for Collaborative Workgroups: A General Model and its Web Application

  • Walter Balzano
  • Antonina Dattolo
  • Vincenzo Loia
Part of the Multiagent Systems, Artificial Societies, and Simulated Organizations book series (MASA, volume 8)

Abstract

Despite the existence of several “distributed” approaches in the design and realization of CSCW systems, we note that distributed processing has been used to solve problems deriving from the need to share multiple physical resources (users, databases, workstations,…) on one or more networks. In this work we discuss the role of a high-level paradigm of distributed computing to define an open computational model for collaborative environments, namely “CoHyDe”. The design of CoHyDe takes into account the principles of distribution, communication, coordination and cooperation, with full support of group awareness. The architecture is based on the metaphor of the actor model and is structured in three layers, each composed of populations of autonomous and independent actors that cooperate in order to achieve common goals. The model supports temporally and geographically distributed workgroups. A feature of the model is the extensive use of the collaboration at two logical levels: the usual user level and the architectural level. In fact, in order to achieve common objectives, the members of a workgroup as well as the populations of actors (that constitute the internal framework) cooperate using similar communication protocols and tools. A Web-based prototype of CoHyDe shows how it is possible to realize more effective collaboration on the basis of a new awareness concept.

Key words

Actor-based collaborative systems concurrent hypermedia models awareness Web-based collaborative systems 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Balzano
    • 1
  • Antonina Dattolo
    • 2
  • Vincenzo Loia
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and ApplicationsUniversity of SalernoBaronissi (SA)Italy
  2. 2.Department of Mathematic and ApplicationsUniversity of Naples Federico IINapoliItaly

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