The CASMIN Educational Classification in International Comparative Research

  • Hildegard Brauns
  • Stefani Scherer
  • Susanne Steinmann


International comparable measurement instruments for educational attainment are among the basic tools for sociologists’ work. We propose a revised version of the CASMIN (Comparative Analysis of Social Mobility in Industrial Nations) classification of education, which in the meantime is among the most widely used tools to measure education — besides level or years of schooling or the ISCED classification (see Chapter 10 in this volume). The CASMIN scale has been developed within the social stratification framework in the 1970s in order to capture the effects of different educational systems on processes and patterns of inter- as well as intragenerational mobility. However, the original CASMIN coding schema does not capture the changes that took place in national education systems in the period of educational reforms and expansion.2 For contemporary comparative research, the many forms and levels of vocational qualification as well as the institutional diversification within general education need to be taken into account. We, therefore, present an ‘up-dated’ and partly revised version of the CASMIN classification, including some substantial reformulations and modifications of the original version.


Labour Market Educational System Vocational Training Vocational Qualification Educational Expansion 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hildegard Brauns
  • Stefani Scherer
  • Susanne Steinmann

There are no affiliations available

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