Acquiring Information: The Borrowing and Reorganising Principle and the Randomness as Genesis Principle

  • John SwellerEmail author
  • Paul Ayres
  • Slava Kalyuga
Part of the Explorations in the Learning Sciences, Instructional Systems and Performance Technologies book series (LSIS, volume 1)


How do natural information processing systems acquire information? The information store principle discussed in Chapter2 indicates that in order to function in a complex environment, natural systems require a massive store of information that can guide activity. The manner in which that information is acquired is of immediate interest to anyone concerned with instructional design and instructional procedures. One of the critical functions of instruction, given the centrality of the information store, is to ­provide efficient and effective procedures for acquiring the information that is to be stored in long-term memory.


Human Cognition Asexual Reproduction Random Generation Central Executive Random Mutation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baddeley, A. (1992). Working memory. Science, 255, 556–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  3. Bartlett, F. C. (1932). Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology. Oxford/England: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Grafton, S., Arbib, M., Fadiga, L., & Rizzolatti, G. (1996). Localization of grasp representations in humans by positron emission tomography: 2. Observation compared with imagination. Experimental Brain Research, 112, 103–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Iacoboni, M., Woods, R. P., Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Mazziotta, J. C., & Rizzolatti, G. (1999). Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. Science, 286, 2526–2528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Meadow, A., Parnes, S. J., & Reese, H. (1959). Influence of brainstorming instructions and problem sequence on a creative problem solving test. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 43, 413–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Osborn, A. F. (1953). Applied imagination. New York: Scribners.Google Scholar
  8. Sweller, J. (2003). Evolution of human cognitive architecture. In B. Ross (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 43, pp. 215–266). San Diego: Academic.Google Scholar
  9. Sweller, J. (2009b). Cognitive bases of human creativity. Educational Psychology Review, 21, 11–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Tettamanti, M., Buccino, G., Saccuman, M. C., Gallese, V., Danna, M., Scifo, P., et al. (2005). Listening to action-related sentences activates fronto-parietal motor circuits. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 273–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations