Principles of Combining ISCO with Other In Situ Remedial Approaches

  • Junko Munakata-Marr
  • Kent S. SorensonJr.
  • Benjamin G. Petri
  • James B. Cummings
Chapter

Scope

Interactions between in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) and other in situ remediation technologies, and optional approaches for coupling ISCO with bioremediation, surfactant/cosolvent flushing, air sparging, or thermal treatment.

Key Concepts

  • ISCO applied in combination with other remedial technologies, particularly when plans are formulated prior to implementing a remedy, may provide significant benefit over ISCO alone.

  • Enhanced in situ bioremediation and monitored natural attenuation are most frequently combined with ISCO.

  • ISCO may temporarily decrease aerobic and anaerobic microbial abundance and diversity, but these typically rebound with time.

  • ISCO combined with surfactants or cosolvents may enhance contaminant removal, though chemical compatibility of remedial agents must be considered.

  • Air sparging and thermal methods may interact synergistically with ISCO, while in situ chemical reduction acts in opposition to ISCO.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junko Munakata-Marr
    • 1
  • Kent S. SorensonJr.
    • 2
  • Benjamin G. Petri
    • 1
  • James B. Cummings
    • 3
  1. 1.Colorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  2. 2.CDMDenverUSA
  3. 3.Office of Solid Waste Emergency ResponseU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyWashingtonUSA

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