Practical Aspects of Monitoring Cranial Motor Nerves

  • Aage R. MøllerEmail author


Cranial motor nerves are at risk of being injured during many different kinds of neurosurgical operations of the skull base, such as operations to remove different kinds of tumors. (Regarding the anatomy and function of cranial nerves, see Appendix B.) Cranial motor nerves can also be at risk during operations on the vascular system of the brain. The risk of postoperative impairment or loss of function of cranial motor nerves as a result of surgical manipulations can be reduced by appropriate use of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring. Methods are available for monitoring the motor function of CN III, CN IV, CN V, CN VI, CN IX, CN X, CN XI, and CN XII.


Facial Nerve Masseter Muscle Facial Muscle Vestibular Schwannoma Facial Function 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Brain and Behavioral SciencesThe University of Texas at DallasRichardsonUSA

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