Advertisement

Ways to Improve Political Decision-Making: Negotiating Errors to be Avoided

  • Donald Meichenbaum
Chapter

Foreword

I have been nurturing a “fantasy” for over a decade, and it is now time to go public with this preoccupation. I am sure some readers will characterize this “fantasy” as nothing more than an unrealistic “fairy tale” that would never ever come true. But as the popular entertainer Frank Sinatra used to sing, “Fairy tales can come true if you are young at heart,” and I would add optimistic and practical. By the end of this chapter, you can determine if there is any basis for my hopefulness. Perhaps, my “fantasy” will inspire other young-at-heart dreamers.

Keywords

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Political Leader Cognitive Distortion Fairy Tale World Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Akerlof, G. A., & Shiller, R. J. (2009). Animal spirits: How human psychology drives the economy and why it matters for global capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Brooks, D. (2008, October 28). The behavioral revolution. New York Times, p. A23.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, V. R., & Paulus, P. B. (2002). Making group brainstorming more effective: Recommendations from an associative memory perspective. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 208–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dallaire, R. (2003). Shake hands with the devil: The failure of humanity in Rwanda. Toronto: Random House Canada. (Also see DVD www.microfilmsinc.com)
  5. Dodge, K. A. (2008). Framing public policy and prevention of chronic violence in American youth. The American Psychologist, 63, 573–590.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Petit, G. S. (1990). Mechanism in the cycle of violence. Science, 250, 1678–1683.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dyson, S., & Preston, T. (2006). Individual distractions of political leaders and the use of analogy in foreign policy decision making. Political Psychology, 27, 265–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fiske, S., & Taylor, S. (1984). Social cognition. Reading: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  9. Gellman, B. (2008). Angler: The Cheney vice presidency. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  10. George, A. (1980). Presidential decision making in foreign policy: The effective use of information and advice. Boulder: Westview.Google Scholar
  11. Gladwell, M. (2005). Blink: The power of thinking without thinking. New York: Little Brown.Google Scholar
  12. Hackman, J., & Wageman, R. (2007). Asking the right questions about leadership: Discussion and conclusions. The American Psychologist, 62, 43–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Houghton, D. (2008). Invading occupying Iraq. Some insights from political psychology. Peace and Conflict, 14, 169–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Iyengar, S., & McGuire, W. (Eds.). (1993). Explorations in political psychology. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Janis, I. L. (1982). Group think: Psychological studies of policy decisions and fiascoes (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  16. Jervis, R. (1976). Perception and misperception in international policies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., & Tversky, A. (Eds.). (1987). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Kelman, H. C. (2000). The role of the scholar-practitioner in international conflict resolution. International Studies Perspectives, 1, 273–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kelman, H. C. (2008). Evaluating the contributions of interactive problem solving to the ­resolution of ethnonational conflict. Peace and Conflict, 14, 28–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Khong, Y. (1992). Analogies at war: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu and the Vietnam decisions. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kirschner, P. A., Sweller, J., & Clark, R. E. (2006). Why minimal guidance during instruction does not work: An analysis of the failure of constructivist, discovery, problem-based, experiential and inquiry-based teaching. Educational Psychologist, 41, 75–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  23. Meichenbaum, D. (1994). Treatment of adults with posttraumatic stress disorder: A clinical ­handbook. Clearwater: Institute Press.Google Scholar
  24. Meichenbaum, D. (2000). Treating patients with PTSD: A constructive narrative perspective. NC-PTSD Clinical Quarterly, 9, 55–59.Google Scholar
  25. Meichenbaum, D. (2002). Treatment of individuals with anger-control problems and aggressive behavior. Clearwater: Institute Press.Google Scholar
  26. Meichenbaum, D. (2006a). Resilience and posttraumatic growth: A constructive narrative ­perspective. In L. G. Calhoun & R. G. Tedeschi (Eds.), Handbook of posttraumatic growth (pp. 355–368). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  27. Meichenbaum, D. (2006b). Trauma and suicide: A constructive narrative perspective. In T. Ellis (Ed.), Cognition and suicide: Theory research and practice (pp. 333–354). Washington: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Meichenbaum, D. (2007). Stress inoculation training: A preventative and treatment approach. In P. M. Lehrer, R. I. Woolfolk, & W. E. Sime (Eds.), Principles and practice of stress management (pp. 497–518). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  29. Meichenbaum, D., & Fong, G. (1993). How individuals control their own minds: A constructive narrative perspective. In D. M. Wegner & J. W. Pennebaker (Eds.), Handbook on mental control. New York: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  30. Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational interviewing: Preparing people for change (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford. Also see www.motivationalinterview.org.Google Scholar
  31. Ross, L., & Nisbett, R. E. (1991). The person and the situation. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  32. Staub, E. (2007). Preventing violence and terrorism and promoting positive relations between Dutch and Muslim communities in Amsterdam. Peace and Conflict, 113, 333–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sternberg, R. J. (Ed.). (2002). Why smart people can be so stupid. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Sternberg, R. J. (Ed.). (2007). A systems model of leadership: WICS. American Psychologist, 62, 34–42.Google Scholar
  35. Stroebe, W., & Diehl, M. (1994). Why groups are less effective than their members: On productivity losses in idea-generating groups. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social psychology (Vol. 5, pp. 271–303). Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  36. Suskind, R. (2004). The price of loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House and the education of Paul o’Neil. New York: Simon & Shuster.Google Scholar
  37. Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2008). Improving decisions about health, wealth and happiness. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 221, 453–458.Google Scholar
  39. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1981). The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice. Science, 211, 453–458.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1986). Rational choice and the framing of decisions. Journal of Business, 59, 251–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. White, R. K. (1968). Nobody wanted war: Misperception in Vietnam and other wars. Garden City: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  42. Woodward, B. (2006). State of denial: Bush at war. Part III. New York: Simon & Shuster.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald Meichenbaum
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

Personalised recommendations