Modeling Cumulative Sound Exposure Along a Seismic Line to Assess the Risk of Seismic Research Surveys on Marine Mammals in the Antarctic Treaty Area

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)

Abstract

Based on the Protocol for the Protection of the Antarctic Environment established in 1991, all activities south of 6° S are subject to an environmental impact assessment (EIA). This also applies to seismic research surveys, which have come into public and regulatory bodies’ focus due to their potential impact on marine mammals.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)BremerhavenGermany
  2. 2.University of BremenBremenGermany
  3. 3.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

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