Modeling Cumulative Sound Exposure Along a Seismic Line to Assess the Risk of Seismic Research Surveys on Marine Mammals in the Antarctic Treaty Area

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)


Based on the Protocol for the Protection of the Antarctic Environment established in 1991, all activities south of 6° S are subject to an environmental impact assessment (EIA). This also applies to seismic research surveys, which have come into public and regulatory bodies’ focus due to their potential impact on marine mammals.


  1. Boebel O, Breitzke M, Burkhard E, Bornemann H (2009) Strategic assessment of the risk posed on marine mammals by use of airguns in the Antarctic Treaty area. Information Paper IP 51, Agenda Item CEP 8c, Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting XXXII, 6–17 April 2009, Baltimore, MD.Google Scholar
  2. Bohlen T (2002) Parallel 3-D viscoelastic finite difference modelling. Comput Geosci 28:887–899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Breitzke M, Bohlen T (2010) Modelling sound propagation in the Southern Ocean to estimate the acoustic impact of seismic research surveys on marine mammals. Geophys J Int 181:818–846.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)BremerhavenGermany
  2. 2.University of BremenBremenGermany
  3. 3.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations