Managing Underwater Noise in European Waters: Implementing the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

  • Mark Tasker
  • Mats Amundin
  • Michel Andre
  • Anthony D. Hawkins
  • William Lang
  • Thomas Merck
  • Amy Scholik-Schlomer
  • Jonas Teilmann
  • Frank Thomsen
  • Stefanie Werner
  • Manell Zakharia
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 730)

Abstract

The European Union’s (EU) Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC) aims to improve the condition of all Europe’s seas and ensure that human usage of these seas is sustainable. The directive will work by requiring EU member states to set a series of objectives for 11 Descriptors of Environmental Status. One of these descriptors, Introduction of Energy, Including Underwater Noise, Is at Levels That Do Not Adversely Affect the Marine Environment, concerns underwater noise. A task group consisting of the authors was established to recommend to the European Commission indicators that might be used by member states to define good environmental status (GES) under this descriptor. The task group focused on sounds that affect relatively broad areas of the marine environment and developed three possible indicators of underwater sound.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Tasker
    • 1
  • Mats Amundin
    • 2
  • Michel Andre
    • 3
  • Anthony D. Hawkins
    • 4
  • William Lang
    • 5
  • Thomas Merck
    • 6
  • Amy Scholik-Schlomer
    • 7
  • Jonas Teilmann
    • 8
  • Frank Thomsen
    • 9
  • Stefanie Werner
    • 10
  • Manell Zakharia
    • 11
  1. 1.Joint Nature Conservation CommitteeAberdeenUK
  2. 2.Kolmårdens Djur and NaturparkKolmårdenSweden
  3. 3.Laboratori d’Aplicacions BioacustiquesUniversitat Politecnica de CatalunyaVilanova i la GeltrúSpain
  4. 4.Loughine Limited, KincraigBlairsUK
  5. 5.MandevilleUSA
  6. 6.Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Isle of VilmPutbusGermany
  7. 7.Office of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationSilver SpringUSA
  8. 8.National Environmental Research InstituteUniversity of AarhusRoskildeDenmark
  9. 9.CefasLowestoftUK
  10. 10.Federal Environment AgencyDessau-RosslauGermany
  11. 11.North Atlantic Treaty Organization Undersea Research CentreLa SpeziaItaly

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