The global burden of cancer has more than doubled during the last 30 years and with the continued growth and aging of the world’s population, it is expected to double again by 2020. While 5-year survival rates for some cancers remain very poor, an increasing number of people in economically developed societies are now surviving for at least 5 years after being diagnosed with some of the most common cancers. This means that the quality of cancer survival has become an important issue in the management of cancer patients. The cancer experience is widely acknowledged as a life-changing event and can be the trigger for reviewing personal health behaviours and making major lifestyle changes. For some cancers, a growing body of observational evidence suggests that a physically active lifestyle can be beneficial in terms of primary prevention and cancer mortality. Prospective intervention studies have also shown that regular exercise participation during and after cancer treatment is associated with higher levels of physical functioning and CV fitness, reduced feelings of fatigue and improved health-related QoL. Nevertheless, the specific benefits of habitual exercise are likely to vary as a function of cancer type and disease stage, treatment approach and current lifestyle of the patient. The aim of this book is to present the most up-to-date synthesis of scientific evidence gleaned from observational and intervention studies that have investigated the health benefits to cancer patients of engaging in a physically active lifestyle.
KeywordsCancer Survivor Physical Fitness Active Lifestyle Cancer Experience Teachable Moment
- 1.Boyle P, Lewin B. (2008) World Cancer Report 2008. International Agency for Research on Cancer, France.Google Scholar
- 2.National Cancer Institute, USA. (2009) http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/Overview/page2. Accessed 25 January 2009.
- 3.Garcia M, Jemal A, Ward EM, C-enter MM, Hao Y, Siegal RL,, Thun MJ. (2007) Global Cancer Facts & Figures. American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- 13.Dishman RK, Washburn RA, Heath GW. (2004) Physical activity epidemiology. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL, pp 4.Google Scholar
- 16.Department of Health. (2004) Evidence on the impact of physical activity and its relationship to health. Chief Medical Officer’s Report. HSMO, London.Google Scholar
- 17.World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. (2007) Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. AICR, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- 32.Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health Consensus Statement. Human Kinetics Publishers 1993, Kingswood, Australia, p 15.Google Scholar
- 40.Godin G, Jobin J, Bouillon J. (1986) Assessment of leisure time exercise behavior by self-report: a concurrent validity study. Can J Public Health 77:359–362.Google Scholar
- 41.Sallis JF, Saelens BE. (2000) Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Res Q Exerc Sport 71:S1–S14.Google Scholar