Folk Housing in the Middle of the Pacific: Architectural Lime, Creolized Ideologies, and Expressions of Power in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii



Captain Cook’s third expedition to the Pacific reached Hawaii in 1778. Western diseases soon thereafter reduced an indigenous population of at least several hundred thousand (if not 1,000,000) to fewer than 50,000 by 1878 (Stannard, 1989), while foreign plantation workers and other immigrants arrived by the tens of thousands. Successive capitalist ventures in the nineteenth century, including the fur trade, sandalwood trade, whaling, the California gold rush, ranching, and cash-crop plantations altered a self-sufficient Hawaiian economy. Beginning in 1820, Protestant missionaries, followed by other missionary groups, heavily influenced Hawaiian ideologies. By the twentieth century, Hawaii had been transformed from an indigenous sovereign nation (recognized by several Western powers) to a colonized US territory, taken in a coup d’état by resident US businessmen and US marines in 1893.


Lime Production Coercive Power Foreign Resident Colonial Setting Coral Block 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



I thank Susan Lebo and Margie Purser for their helpful comments on a much earlier draft of this paper, and Carolyn White for her helpful and patient editing of the manuscript. I also sincerely thank all of the students and other participants who assisted me in field schools at Fort Elizabeth, the John Young Homestead, and Keanakolu.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anthropology, Social Sciences DivisionUniversity of Hawaii at HiloHiloUSA

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