Perennial Grasses as Second-Generation Sustainable Feedstocks Without Conflict with Food Production

  • Frank G. Dohleman
  • Emily A. Heaton
  • Stephen P. Long
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 33)


Biofuel production from maize grain has been touted by some as a renewable and sustainable alternative to fossil fuels, while being criticized by others for removing land from food production, exacerbating greenhouse gas emissions, and requiring more fossil energy than they produce. The use of second-generation feedstocks for cellulosic biofuel production is widely believed to have a smaller greenhouse gas footprint than first-generation feedstocks. In particular, perennial grasses may provide a balance between the high productivity necessary to minimize the amount of land area necessary for feedstock production and the sustainability of the perennial growth habit.


Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Biofuel Feedstock Cellulosic Biofuel Unit Land Area Canopy Duration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank G. Dohleman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Emily A. Heaton
    • 3
  • Stephen P. Long
    • 4
  1. 1.University of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Monsanto CompanySt. LouisUSA
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  4. 4.Energy Biosciences Institute, University of IllinoisUrbana-ChampaignUSA

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