Deictic Referencing in VMT

  • Gerry Stahl
Part of the Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Series book series (CULS, volume 11)


Centered on a case study of a synchronous online interchange, this chapter discusses the use of the VMT graphical referencing tool in coordination with text chat to achieve a group orientation to a particular mathematical object in a shared whiteboard. Deictic referencing is seen to be a critical foundation of intersubjective cognitive processes that index objects of shared attention. The case study suggests that cognitive tools to support group referencing can be important to supporting group alignment, intentionality and cognition in online communities such as VMT.


Graphical referencing tool cognitive tools deixis epistemology intersubjectivity sense making 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Information Science & TechnologyDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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