European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research

Volume 26 of the series Higher Education Dynamics pp 3-14


European Integration and the Europeanisation of Higher Education

  • Peter MaassenAffiliated withFac. Education Hedda, University of Oslo Email author 
  • , Christine MusselinAffiliated withCNRS Centre de Sociologie des Organisations, Sciences Po

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European higher education is going through an important transformation. While during the first decades after the Second World War the sector experienced a period of relative stability in its basic national and institutional organisation and governance structures, more recently it has undergone far-reaching changes. Overall, the recent change dynamics represent a shift from internal to external control, consisting, amongst other things, of the introduction of externally initiated evaluation mechanisms, the professionalisation of institutional management functions and the growing pressure to be accountable to society. In addition, a change from central governmental planning and regulation of higher education to a growing reliance on a market-like competition in the steering of individual higher education institutions can be observed.