Nanotechnology is a platform technology that is finding more and more applications daily. Today over 600 consumer products are available globally that utilize nanomaterials. This chapter explores the use of nanomaterials and nanotechnology in three areas, namely Medicine, Environment and Energy. Given the large number of applications being designed that utilize nanomaterials and nanotechnologies, and the perception that nanotechnology can (or will) provide the ultimate solution for the world's problems; questions arise regarding who benefits from these technological advances. Additionally, within the popular press all nanotechnology products are generally portrayed as being beneficial to society without necessarily distinguishing between real and potential benefits of the technology. Lastly, the benefits and implications of these technological advancements in society are explored.1
KeywordsConsumer Product National Nanotechnology Initiative Advance Research Workshop Nanotechnology Product European Technology Platform
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.AIST Research Center for Chemical Risk Management (2008) A Nanotechnology-Claimed Consumer Products Inventory in Japan. Available via DIALOG, chttp://staff.aist.go.jp/kishimoto-atsuo/nano/e_link_text.htm(last accessed 27 July 2008).
- 8.European Commission (2006) Nanomedicine Nanotechnology for Health: Strategic Research Agenda for Nanomedicine Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. European Commission, Luxembourg. Available online athttp://cordis. europa.eu/nanotechnology/nanomedicine.htm(last accessed 27 July 2008).
- 9.Filipponi, L., and Sutherland, D. (2006) European technology platform. Applications of Nanotechnology Energy Part I and II. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. European Commission, Luxembourg.http://cordis.europa.eu/ nanotechnology(last accessed 27 July 2008).
- 16.Lux Research Report (2004) Sizing nanotechnology's value chain. Available online athttp://www.luxresearchinc.com/tnr2004
- 17.Merkle, R.C. (1997) Technology Review. It's a Small, Small, Small, Small World. Available online at www.zyvex.com/nanotech/MITtecRvwSmlWrld/article. html#loc015 (last accessed 27 July 2008).Google Scholar
- 18.Mokhatab, S., and Towler, B.F. (2007) Nanomaterials hold promise in natural gas industry,Int. J. Nanotechnol.4, 6.Google Scholar
- 22.National Nanotechnology Initiative (2004)Nanoscience Research for Energy Needs, Report of the National Nanotechnology Initiative Grand Challenge Workshop.Google Scholar
- 23.Österlund, L., Grant, A.W., and Kasemo, B. (2007) Lithographic techniques in nanocatalysis. In: Heiz, U., Landman, U. (eds.)Nanocatalysis, vol. 1, Springer Verlag GmbH, Berlin, p. 269.Google Scholar
- 24.Petersen, J.L., and Egan, D.M. (2002) Small security: Nanotechnology and future defense,Defense Horizons8, 1–6.Google Scholar
- 25.Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (PEN) (2008) A Nanotechnology Consumer Products Inventory, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Available via DIALOG,http://www.nanotechproject.org/inventories/consumer/(last accessed 27 July 2008).
- 26.Somorjai, G.A. (1994)Introduction to Surface Chemistry, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
- 27.The Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering, UK (2004) Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies: Opportunities and Uncertainties. Available online athttp://www. nanotec.org.uk/finalreport.htm(last accessed 27 July 2008).
- 28.United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2007) Nanotechnology White Paper. Prepared for the US EPA by members of the Nanotechnology Workgroup, a group of EPA's Science Policy Council, US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA). Nanotechnology: A Report of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Nanotechnology Task Force. Available online athttp://www.fda.gov/nanotechnology/taskforce/ report2007. html(last accessed 27 July 2008).
- 30.Vaseashta, A., Riesfeld, R., and Mihailescu, I.N. (2008) “Green Nanotechnologies for Responsible Manufacturing” in The Business of Nanotechnology, edited by Gandhi, A., Giordani, S., Merhari, L., Tsakalakos, L., and Tsamis, C., in Materials Research Society Spring meeting. Proc. 1106E, #1106-PP03-05. Warrendale, PA.Google Scholar
- 33.Wikipedia.org. (2008) Peak oil, reference 39. Available online athttp://Wikipedia.org/ wiki/Peak_oil#cite_note-nyt08212005-38(last accessed 27 July 2008).