Two US programs during IPY
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The focus on the poles during the IPY has resulted in the initiation of a number of major programs. Two such US programs are the Arctic Observing Network (AON) and the combined Bering Ecosystem Study (BEST)—Bering Sea Integrated Ecosystem Research Program (BSIERP). AON is conceived to be a system of atmospheric, land- and ocean-based environmental observing capabilities that will significantly advance the volume and quality of our observations of Arctic environmental conditions. Data from the AON will enable the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), a U.S. initiative associated with the International Study of Arctic Change (ISAC), to document the manifold significant and rapid changes occurring in the Arctic. BEST—BSIERP is a partnership between the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and the North Pacific Research Board (NPRB) to characterize the eastern Bering Sea shelf ecosystem and how it might change in response to a climate-induced loss of sea ice. It maintains international ties through the Ecosystem Studies of Sub-Arctic Seas (ESSAS) program. We describe the status and scope of these two programs, as well as plans for future development and opportunities for international collaboration.
KeywordsRegional Ocean Modeling System International Polar Arctic Research Black Legged Kittiwake Subsistence Harvest
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