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Two US programs during IPY

  • William J. WisemanJr.
  • Martin O. Jeffries
  • Clarence Pautzke
  • Francis Wiese
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

The focus on the poles during the IPY has resulted in the initiation of a number of major programs. Two such US programs are the Arctic Observing Network (AON) and the combined Bering Ecosystem Study (BEST)—Bering Sea Integrated Ecosystem Research Program (BSIERP). AON is conceived to be a system of atmospheric, land- and ocean-based environmental observing capabilities that will significantly advance the volume and quality of our observations of Arctic environmental conditions. Data from the AON will enable the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), a U.S. initiative associated with the International Study of Arctic Change (ISAC), to document the manifold significant and rapid changes occurring in the Arctic. BEST—BSIERP is a partnership between the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and the North Pacific Research Board (NPRB) to characterize the eastern Bering Sea shelf ecosystem and how it might change in response to a climate-induced loss of sea ice. It maintains international ties through the Ecosystem Studies of Sub-Arctic Seas (ESSAS) program. We describe the status and scope of these two programs, as well as plans for future development and opportunities for international collaboration.

Keywords

Regional Ocean Modeling System International Polar Arctic Research Black Legged Kittiwake Subsistence Harvest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Bering Ecosystem Study (BEST) (2004) Science Plan. Fairbanks, AK: Arctic Research Consortium of the US, 82 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. BEST Science Steering Committee (2005). Implementation Plan Bering Ecosystem Study Program. Unpublished report, 43 pp http://www.arcus.org/Bering/reports/downloads/BEST_ Implementation_Plan.pdf
  3. Hunt GL Jr, Stabeno P, Walters G, Sinclair E, Brodeur RD, Napp JM, Bond NA (2002) Climate change and control of the southeastern Bering Sea pelagic ecosystem. Deep-Sea Res. Part II 49:5821–5853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. IARPC (Inter-Agency Arctic Research Policy Committee) (2007) Arctic Observing Network: Toward a US Contribution to Pan-Arctic Observing. Arctic Research of the United States, vol. 21, 94 pp.Google Scholar
  5. NPRB (North Pacific Research Board) (2005) North Pacific Research Board Science Plan. North Anchorage, AK: Pacific Research Board, 198 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. NRC (National Research Council) (2004) A U.S. Vision for the International Polar Year, 112 pp (http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11013#orgs)
  7. NRC (National Research Council) (2006) Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network, 128 pp. (http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11607)
  8. Schlosser P, Tucker W, Warnick W, York A (eds.) (2003) Arctic Research Support and Logistics: Strategies and Recommendations for System-Scale Studies in a Changing Environment. Fairbanks, AK: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, 81 pp (http:// www.arcus.org/Logistics/ArcticLogistics_10_03.pdf)

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. WisemanJr.
    • 1
  • Martin O. Jeffries
    • 1
    • 2
  • Clarence Pautzke
    • 3
  • Francis Wiese
    • 3
  1. 1.Office of Polar ProgramsNational Science FoundationArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of AlaskaFairbanksUSA
  3. 3.North Pacific Research BoardAnchorageUSA

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