Did Ulysses Travel to Atlantis?

  • Rainer W. Kühne
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 6)

Good fiction imitates facts. Plato declared that his Atlantis tale is philosophical fiction invented to describe his fictitious ideal state in the case of war. I suggest that Plato used three historical elements for this tale. (i) Greek tradition on Mycenaean Athens for the description of ancient Athens, (ii) Egyptian records on the wars of the Sea Peoples for the description of the war of the Atlanteans, and (iii) oral tradition from Syracuse about Tartessos for the description of the city and geography of Atlantis.


Rectangular Structure Warm Bath Historical Element Eastern Mediterranean Country Greek Tradition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Schliemann, H., Ithaka, der Peloponnes und Troja, Giesecke & Devrient, Leipzig (1869).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kluge, F., De Platonis Critia, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 75 (1910) 283.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Leaf, W., Homer and History, Macmillan, London (1915).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ramage, E.S. (Ed.), Atlantis — Fact or Fiction?, Indiana University Press (1978).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Forsyth, P.Y., Atlantis — The Making of Myth, McGill-Queen's University Press (1980).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Broneer, O., What happened at Athens, American Journal of Archaeology 52 (1948) 111–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Broneer, O., A Mycenaean fountain on the Athenian Acropolis, Hesperia 8 (1939) 317–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ventris, M. and J. Chadwick, J., Evidence for Greek dialect in the Mycenaean archives,Journal of Hellenic Studies 73 (1953) 86–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Drews, R., The End of the Bronze Age, Princeton University Press (1993).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Edgerton, W.F. and J.A. Wilson, Historical Records of Ramses III, University of Chicago Press (1936).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Marinatos, S., Peri ton Thrulon tes Atlantidos, Kretica Chronika 4 (1950) 195–213.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Görgemanns, H., Wahrheit und Fiktion in Platons Atlantis-Erzählung, Hermes 128 (2000) 405–419.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kühne, R.W., A location for Atlantis?, Antiquity 78 (2004) 300; see also Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jessen, O., Tartessos-Atlantis, Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde 6 (1925) 184.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hennig, R., Das Rätsel der Atlantis, Meereskunde 14(1925) 1–29.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hennig, R., Zum Verständnis des Begriffs “Säulen” in der antiken Geographie, Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen 73 (1927) 80–87.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schulten, A., Tartessos und Atlantis, Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen 73 (1927) 284–288.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schulten, A., Atlantis, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 88 (1939) 326–346.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer W. Kühne
    • 1
  1. 1.BraunschweigGermany

Personalised recommendations