Tensegrity as a Structural Framework in Life Sciences and Bioengineering
In the fifth decade BC, Leucippus and Democritus had considered matter to be formed of indivisible particles, atoms, which were of all dimensions and forms. Pythagoreans presented the universe from the point of view of mathematics, asserting that everything is made up of numbers.
Plato believes, like Empedocles, that matter is a combination of the four fundamental elements: fire, air, water and earth. In his book Timaeus (c.360BC), he makes known a new theory, equating the tetrahedron with the element fire, the octahedron with air, the icosahedron with water, the cube with earth and the dodecahedron with the stuff of which the constellations and heavens were made .
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