Wave Tank Studies on Formation and Transport of OMA from the Chemically Dispersed Oil

  • K. Lee
  • Z. Li
  • T. King
  • P. Kepkay
  • M. C. Boufadel
  • A. D. Venosa
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

The interaction of chemical dispersants and suspended sediments with crude oil influences the fate and transport of oil spills in coastal waters. A wave tank study was conducted to investigate the effects of chemical dispersants and mineral fines on dispersion of oil, formation of oil-mineral-aggregates (OMAs), and microbial activities in natural seawater. Results of ultraviolet fluoremetry (UVF) and gas chromatography-flame ionized detector (GC-FID) analysis indicate that both dispersants and mineral fines, alone and in combination, stimulate the dispersion of oil slick from surface to water column. A laser in-situ scattering and transsiometer (LISST-100X) measurement shows that the presence of mineral fines increased the total concentration of the suspended particles from 4 to 10 μL/L, whereas the presence of dispersants decreased the particle size (mass mean diameter) from 50–70 to 20 μm. Enumeration with epifluorescent microscope shows that the presence of either dispersants or mineral fines significantly increased the number of particles in water.

Keywords

wave tank dispersant OMA LISST fluoremetry 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Lee
    • 1
  • Z. Li
    • 1
  • T. King
    • 1
  • P. Kepkay
    • 1
  • M. C. Boufadel
    • 2
  • A. D. Venosa
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Offshore Oil and Gas Environmental Research, Fisheries and Oceans CanadaDartmouthCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.National Risk Management Research LabU.S. EPACincinnatiUSA

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