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Mesoporous Thin Films: Properties and Applications

  • Plinio Innocenzi
  • Stefano Costacurta
  • Tongjit Kidchob
  • Luca Malfatti
  • Paolo Falcaro
  • Galo Soler-Illia
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

Mesoporous films are a fine example of a self-assembled nanosystem, containing ordered porosity in the 2–50 nm range. A great number of characteristics, including framework nature (composition, crystallinity), high surface area, pore dimension, shape, surface, accessibility and pore array symmetry and interconnection can be tuned using green chemistry synthetic techniques. These materials present potentials in several fields where a large functional interfacial area contained in a robust framework is required. The capability of changing in a separate way the characteristics of the inorganic framework and the pore surface leads to an amazing potential in tuning functional properties, due to the combined properties of a thoroughly tailored pore system and the inherent features of thin films. These properties can be tailored to respond to changes in the environment, such as relative humidity, making mesoporous hybrid thin films an exciting prospect for several nanotechnology applications (e.g. sensors, actuators, separation devices). Here we present some basic concepts revolving around mesoporous films. We will first comment on the synthetic approach in the fabrication of these materials. Second, we will discuss the aspects regarding template organization and surface functionalization. Third, we will review some applications illustrating the potentialities of theses self-assembled nanomaterials.

Keywords

Mesoporous thin-films self-assembly sol-gel 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Plinio Innocenzi
    • 1
  • Stefano Costacurta
    • 1
  • Tongjit Kidchob
    • 1
  • Luca Malfatti
    • 1
  • Paolo Falcaro
    • 2
  • Galo Soler-Illia
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratorio di Scienza dei Materiali e NanotecnologieUniversità di Sas sari, Nanoworld Institute and CR-INSTM, Palazzo del Pou SalitAlgheroItaly
  2. 2.Associazione CIVEN – Nano Fabrication FacilityMarghera, VeneziaItaly
  3. 3.Gerencia de Quimica, CNEASan Martín, Buenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina

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