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Association, Cause, and Correlation

  • Stephen P. Glasser
  • Gary Cutter
Chapter

Abstract

Anything one measures can become data, but only those data that have meaning can become information. Information is almost always useful, data may or may not be. This chapter will address the various ways one can measure the degree of association between an exposure and an outcome and will include a discussion of relative and absolute risk, odds ratios, number needed to treat, and related measures.

Keywords

Myocardial Infarction Deep Venous Thrombosis Relative Risk Reduction Attributable Risk Absolute Risk Reduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Giovannoni G, et al. Infectious causes of multiple sclerosis. Lancet Neurol. 2006 Oct; 5(10): 887–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Zhang J, Yu KF. What’s the relative risk? A method of correcting the odds ratio in cohort studies of common outcomes. JAMA. Nov 18, 1998; 280(19):1690–1691.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Relative risk. Wikipedia.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen P. Glasser
    • 1
  • Gary Cutter
    • 2
  1. 1.Univesity of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AlabamaBirmingham
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirmingham

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