Introduction to Thermodynamics

  • Gerhard Inden
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB)

At first, the fundamental concepts and their mathematical formulation are recalled: integral quantities like various forms of thermodynamic potentials, exchanged energy forms, partial molar quantities like chemical potentials, activities etc.. The emphasis will be on multi-component systems of solid, liquid and gaseous phases. The thermodynamic treatment of chemical reactions is presented and applied to oxidation reactions. The basis of Ellingham diagrams and their use is illustrated. The thermodynamic description of multi-component solution phases is presented as well as the construction of phase diagrams. The restricted equilibrium in the case of immobile substitutional elements is discussed (para-equilibrium).

Keywords

Thermodynamics potentials phase equilibria phase diagrams para-equilibrium 

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References

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    Thermo-calc Software AG, Stockholm, Sweden; http://www.thermocalc.com
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    Barin, I., 1989, Thermochemical Data of Pure Substances, Part I and II, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/Germany.Google Scholar
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    Atkins, P.W., 1986, Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
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    Callen, H. B., 1985, Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatics, J. Wiley &Sons, New York.Google Scholar
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    Lupis, C. H. P., 1983, Chemical Thermodynamics, Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Amsterdam.Google Scholar
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    Gaskell, D. R., Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials, 2003, Taylor&Francis, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Inden
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbHGermany

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