Alien Terrestrial Invertebrates of Europe

  • Alain Roques
  • Wolfgang Rabitsch
  • Jean-Yves Rasplus
  • Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde
  • Wolfgang Nentwig
  • Marc Kenis

Unlike other groups of animals and plants, no checklist of alien terrestrial invertebrates was available in any of the European countries until recently. Since 2002, such checklists were successively provided by Austria (Essl and Rabitsch 2002), Germany (Geiter et al. 2002), the Czech Republic (Šefrová and Laštů vka 2005), Scandinavia (NOBANIS 2007), the United Kingdom (Hill et al. 2005), Switzerland (Wittenberg 2006) and Israel (Roll et al. 2007). However, most European regions remained uncovered and, furthermore, comparisons between the existing lists were inherently difficult because they used different definitions of alien. Thus, estimating the importance of terrestrial alien invertebrates at the European level remained impossible, mostly because of poor taxonomic knowledge existed for several groups. By gathering taxonomists and ecologists specialised on most invertebrate taxa together with collaborators working at the national level in 35 European countries, the DAISIE project intended to fill this gap. However, a lack of European expertise in some taxonomic groups did not allow coverage of all the terrestrial invertebrates with the same level of precision. Data on insects were more reliable than those of other taxa, and consequently the analyses presented below will mostly refer to this group.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Austin JW, Szalanski AL, Scheffrahn RH, Messenger MT, Dronnet S, Bagnères AG (2005) Genetic evidence for the synonymy of two Reticulitermes species: Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and Reticulitermes santonensis (Feytaud). Ann Entomol Soc Am 98:395–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beaucornu JC, Launay H (1990) Les puces de France et du Bassin Méditerranéen Occidental. Faune de France 76, Lechevallier, ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergersen R, Olsen KM, Djursvoll P, Nilssen AC (2006) Centipedes (Chilopoda) and millipedes (Diplopoda) in North Norway. Norw J Ent 53:23–38Google Scholar
  4. Bernardinelli I, Zandigiacomo P (2000) Prima segnalazione di Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera, Tingidae) in Europa. Inform Fitopat 50:47–49Google Scholar
  5. Boag B, Yeates GW (2001) The potential impact of the New Zealand flatworm, a predator of earthworms, in western Europe. Ecol Appl 11:1276–1286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brussino G, Bosio G, Baudino M, Giordano R, Ramello F, Melika G (2002) Pericoloso insetto esotico per il castagno europeo. Inform Agrar 58:59–61Google Scholar
  7. De La Rùa P, Serrano J, Galian J (2002) Biodiversity of Apis mellifera populations from Tenerife (Canary Islands) and hybridisation with east European races. Biol Conserv 11:59–67Google Scholar
  8. Della Giustina W (1989) Homoptères Cicadellidae. Vol 3, Compl Faune de France 73, Lechevallier, ParisGoogle Scholar
  9. Dominguez J, Edwards CA, Dominguez J (2001) The biology and population dynamics of Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) (Oligochaeta) in cattle waste solids. Pedobiologia 45:341–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Drozdz J, Demiaszkiewicz AW, Lachowicz J (2003) Expansion of the Asiatic parasite Ashworthius sidemi (Nematoda, Trichostrongylidae) in wild ruminants in Polish territory. Paras Res 89:94–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dvořák L, Kupka J (2007) The first outdoor find of an American snail Zonitoides arboreus (Say, 1816) from the Czech Republic. Malacol Bohem 6:1–2Google Scholar
  12. Essl F, Rabitsch W (eds) (2002) Neobiota in Österreich. Umweltbundesamt, WienGoogle Scholar
  13. Fabre JP, Auger-Rozenberg MA, Chalon A, Boivin S, Roques A (2004) Competition between exotic and native insects for seed resources in trees of a Mediterranean forest ecosystem. Biol Invasions 6:11–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Faccoli M (1998) The North American Gnathotrichus materiarius (Fitch) (Coleoptera Scolytidae): an ambrosia beetle new to Italy. Redia 81:151–154Google Scholar
  15. Geiter O, Homma S, Kinzelbach R (2002) Bestandaufnahme und Bewertung von Neozoen in Deutschland. Forschungsbericht 296, Umweltbundesamt, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  16. Gjelstrup P, Møller AP (1985) A tropical mite, Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese, 1888) (Macronyssidae, Gamasida) in Danish swallow (Hirundo rustica) nests, with a review of mites and ticks from Danish birds. Ent Meddel 53:119–125Google Scholar
  17. González-Acuña D, Beldoménico PM, Venzal JM, Fabry M, Keirans JE, Guglielmone AA (2005) Reptile trade and the risk of exotic tick introductions into southern South American countries. Exp Appl Acar 35:335–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Goulson D (2003) Effects of introduced bees on native ecosystems. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 34:1–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Graff O (1954) Die Regenwurmfauna im östlichen Niedersachsen und in Schleswig-Holstein. Beitr Naturk Niedersachs 7:48–56Google Scholar
  20. Griffiths DA, Bowman CE (1981) World distribution of the mite Varroa jacobsoni, a parasite of honeybees. Bee World 62:154–163Google Scholar
  21. Grubini TD, Ontrec L, Buljak TG, Blümel S (2007) The occurrence and distribution of potato cyst nematodes in Croatia. J Pest Sci 80:21–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Haxaire J, Bouguet JP, Tamisier JP (2006) Vespa velutina Lepeletier, 1836, une redoutable nou-veauté pour la Faune de France. Bull Soc Ent Fr 111:194Google Scholar
  23. Hérard F, Ciampitti M, Maspero M, Krehan H, Benker U, Boegel C, Schrage R, Bouhot-Delduc L, Bialooki P (2006) Anoplophora spp. in Europe: infestations and management process. EPPO Bull 36:470–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hill M, Baker R, Broad G, Chandler PJ, Copp GH, Ellis J, Jones D, Hoyland C, Laing I, Longshaw M, Moore N, Parrott D, Pearman D, Preston C, Smith RM, Waters R (2005) Audit of non-native species in England. Research Report 662, English Nature, PeterboroughGoogle Scholar
  25. Hornung E, Tothmérész B, Magura T, Vilisics F (2007) Changes of isopod assemblages along an urban- suburban- rural gradient in Hungary. Eur J Soil Biol 43:158–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hulme PE (2006) Beyond control: wider implications for the management of biological invasions. J Appl Ecol 43:835–847CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hulme PE, Bacher S, Kenis M, Klotz S, Kühn I, Minchin D, Nentwig W, Olenin S, Panov V, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Roque A, Sol D, Solarz W, Vilà M (2008) Grasping at the routes of biological invasions: a framework for integrating pathways into policy. J Appl Ecol 45:403–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kenis M, Rabitsch W, Auger-Rozenberg MA, Roques A (2007) How can alien species inventories and interception data help us prevent insect invasions? Bull Ent Res 97:489–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kenis M, Auger-Rozenberg MA, Roques A, Timms L, Péré C, Cock MJW, Settele J, Augustin S, Lopez-Vaamonde C (2008) Ecological impact of invasive alien insects — a world review. Biol Invasions DOI 10.1007/s 10530-008-9318-yGoogle Scholar
  30. Kobelt M, Nentwig W (2008) Alien spider introductions to Europe supported by global trade. Diversity Distrib 14:273–280Google Scholar
  31. Kontschán J (2004) Reductoniscus costulatus Kesselyák, 1930, a new isopod species from Hungary. Folia Hist Nat Mus Matraensis 28:89–90Google Scholar
  32. Küchle M, Knorr HLJ, Medenblik-Frysch S, Weber A, Bauer C, Naumann GOH (1993) Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis syndrome in a German most likely caused by the raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis. Graefe's Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 231:48–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Levinson H, Levinson A (1994) Origin of grain storage and insect species consuming desiccated food. J Pest Sci 67:47–60Google Scholar
  34. Liebhold AM, Work TT, McCullough DG, Cavey JF (2006) Airline baggage as a pathway for alien insect species invading the United States. Am Ent 52:48–54Google Scholar
  35. Maspero M, Cavalieri G, D'Angelo G, Jucker C, Valentini M, Colombo M, Herard F, Lopez, Ramualde N, Ciampitti M, Caremi G, Cavagna B (2007) Anoplophora chinensis eradication programme in Lombardia. IT_2007.htm. Cited Sept 2007Google Scholar
  36. Migeon A (2005) A new spider mite pest in France, Tetranychus evansi Baker and Pritchard. Phytoma 579:38–43Google Scholar
  37. Miller N, Estoup A, Toepfer S, Bourguet D, Lapchin L, Derridj S, Kim KS, Reynaud P, Furlan F, Guillemaud T (2005) Multiple transatlantic introductions of the western corn rootworm. Science 310:992PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Montagud Alario S, Rodrigo Coll I (2004) Paysandisia archon (Burmeister, 1880) (Lepidoptera, Castniidae): nueva plaga de palmáceas en expansión. Phytoma España 157:40–53Google Scholar
  39. Nentwig W (ed) (2007) Biological invasions. Ecological Studies 193, Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  40. NOBANIS (2007) North European and Baltic network on invasive alien species. www.nobanis. org. Cited Sept 2007Google Scholar
  41. Novobilský A, Horáčková E, Hirtová L, Modrý D, Koudela B (2007) The giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna (Bassi 1875) in cervids in the Czech Republic and potential of its spreading to Germany. Parasit Res 100:549–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Noyes J (2007) Universal Chalcidoidea database. chalcidoids/. Cited Sept 2007Google Scholar
  43. Ødegaard F, Tømmerås BA (2000) Compost heaps — refuges and stepping-stones for alien arthropod species in northern Europe. Diversity Distrib 6:45–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Parola P (2004) Tick-borne rickettsial diseases: emerging risks in Europe. Comp Immun Microb Infect Dis 27:297–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Rochat D, Chapin E, Ferry M, Avand-Faghih A, Brun L (2006) Le charançon rouge du palmier dans le bassin méditerranéen. Phytoma 595:20–24Google Scholar
  46. Roques A, Auger-Rozenberg MA (2006) Tentative analysis of the interceptions of nonindigenous organisms in Europe during 1995–2004. EPPO Bull 36:490–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Roll E, Dayan T, Simberloff D (2007) Non-indigenous species in Israel and adjacent areas. Biol Invasions 9:629–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Roques A, Skrzypczynska M (2003) Seed-infesting chalcids of the genus Megastigmus Dalman (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) native and introduced to Europe: taxonomy, host specificity and distribution. J Nat Hist 37:127–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Šefrová H, Laštůvka Z (2005) Catalogue of alien animal species in the Czech Republic. Acta Univ Agric Silv Mendelianae Brunensia 53:151–170Google Scholar
  50. Servadei A (1966) Un tingide neartico comparso in Italia (Corythuca ciliata Say). Boll Soc Ent Ital 96:94–96Google Scholar
  51. Simberloff D (2005) The politics of assessing risk for biological invasions: the USA as a case study. Trends Ecol Evol 20:216–222PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Šnábel V, Permin A, Magwisha HB, et al. (2001) On the species identity of Ascaridia galli (Schrank, 1788) and Ascaridia dissimilis (Perez Vigueras, 1931): a comparative genetic study. Helminthol 38:221–224Google Scholar
  53. Stojcevic D, Mihaljevic Z, Marinculic A (2004) Parasitological survey of rats in rural regions of Croatia. Vet Med Czech 49:70–74Google Scholar
  54. Taylor SJ, Tescari G, Villa M (2001) A Nearctic pest of Pinaceae accidentally introduced into Europe: Leptoglossus occidentalis (Heteroptera: Coreidae) in northern Italy. Ent News 112:101–103Google Scholar
  55. Tomiczek C, Hoyer-Tomiczek U (2007) Der asiatische Laubholzbockkäfer (Anoplophora glabrip-ennis) und der Citrusbock (Anoplophora chinensis) in Europa — ein Situationsbericht. Forstschutz Akt 38:2–5Google Scholar
  56. Van Lenteren JC, Bale J, Bigler F, Hokkanen HMT, Loomans AJM (2006) Assessing risks of releasing exotic biological control agents of arthropod pests. Annu Rev Ent 51:609–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Viggiani G (1994) Recent cases of interspecific competition between parasitoids of the family Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Norw J Agric Sci Suppl 16:353–359Google Scholar
  58. Wetterer JK, Espalader X, Wetterer AL, et al. (2006) Long-term impact of exotic ants on the native ants of Madeira. Ecol Ent 31:358–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Wittenberg R (2006) Invasive alien species in Switzerland. An inventory of alien species and their threat to biodiversity and economy in Switzerland. Environmental Studies 29, Federal Office for the Environment, BernGoogle Scholar
  60. Work TT, McCullough DG, Cavey JF, Komsa R (2005) Arrival rate of non-indigenous insect species into the United States through foreign trade. Biol Invasions 7:323–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alain Roques
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Rabitsch
    • 2
  • Jean-Yves Rasplus
    • 1
  • Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Nentwig
    • 3
  • Marc Kenis
    • 4
  1. 1.Zoologie Forestière, Centre de recherche d'OrléansInstitut National de la Recherche AgronomiqueCS 40001 ArdonFrance
  2. 2.Biodiversity and Nature ConservationFederal Environment Agency LtdWienAustria
  3. 3.Community Ecology, Zoological InstituteUniversity of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 6BernSwitzerland
  4. 4.Forestry and Ornamental Pest ResearchCABI Europe, Rue des Grillons 1DelemontSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations