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Water, Health and Early Warnings

  • Yahya Abawi
  • Paul Llanso
  • Mike Harrison
  • Simon J. Mason
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 82)

Following on from the previous Chapter are three contributions that cover the remaining “classical” areas for applicatio ns (alongside agriculture) of hydrology and health. Water management is the focus in the first section, in which a number of projects are described whereby historical and forecast information is used directly in planning specific actions; in this cas e the forecaster-user chain is short and manageable at a personal level. Next is a detailed account of the steps required to establish climate services in the health area. Finally, Early Warning Systems are described. Early Warning Systems have not tended to use predictions until recently, traditionally having been built around historical observations. In that context Early Warning Systems provide an example of an application mainly designed for humanitarian benefit built solely using climate data alongside other information, but with growing use of predictions. A worked example is included establishing the impact of climate variability on disease incidence, the results of which provide a basis for incorporating seasonal climate forecasts into a Malaria Early Warning System in southern Africa.

Keywords

Normalize Difference Vegetation Index Early Warning Early Warning System Malaria Incidence Solomon Island 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yahya Abawi
    • 1
  • Paul Llanso
    • 2
  • Mike Harrison
    • 3
  • Simon J. Mason
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Natural Resources and WaterQueensland Climate Change Centre of ExcellenceToowoombaAustralia
  2. 2.World Climate Applications and Services ProgrammeWMOAshevilleUSA
  3. 3.Independent ConsultantWolverton CommonUK
  4. 4.International Research Institute for Climate and SocietyPalisadesUSA

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