Coral Reefs of the USA pp 303-373

Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 1)

Ecology of Coral Reefs in the US Virgin Islands

  • Caroline S. Rogers
  • Jeff Miller
  • Erinn M. Muller
  • Peter Edmunds
  • Richard S. Nemeth
  • James P. Beets
  • Alan M. Friedlander
  • Tyler B. Smith
  • Rafe Boulon
  • Christopher F. G. Jeffrey
  • Charles Menza
  • Chris Caldow
  • Nasseer Idrisi
  • Barbara Kojis
  • Mark E. Monaco
  • Anthony Spitzack
  • Elizabeth H. Gladfelter
  • John C. Ogden
  • Zandy Hillis-Starr
  • Ian Lundgren
  • William Bane Schill
  • Ilsa B. Kuffner
  • Laurie L. Richardson
  • Barry E. Devine
  • Joshua D. Voss

The US Virgin Islands (USVI ) in the northeastern Caribbean, consist of St. Croix (207 km2), St. Thomas (83 km2), St. John (52 km2) and numerous smaller islands (Dammann and Nellis 1992). They are part of the Lesser Antilles and Leeward Islands on the eastern boundary of the Caribbean plate (Fig. 8.1). An extensive platform underlies St. Thomas and St. John and connects these islands to Puerto Rico and the British Virgin Islands. This platform extends about 32 km north of the islands and then slopes gradually to depths of over 300 m and eventually descends into the 8,000 m deep Puerto Rican Trench. South of the islands, the platform extends about 13 km and then abruptly drops off to over 4,000 m. St. Croix, about 60 km to the south, is on a separate platform which is much shallower than the northern Virgin Islands’ platform and extends less than 5 km from shore except on the east end of the island. The deepest part of the Virgin Islands Trough that separates St. Thomas and St. John from St. Croix is 4,200 m.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline S. Rogers
    • 1
  • Jeff Miller
    • 2
  • Erinn M. Muller
    • 3
  • Peter Edmunds
    • 4
  • Richard S. Nemeth
    • 5
  • James P. Beets
    • 6
  • Alan M. Friedlander
    • 7
  • Tyler B. Smith
    • 5
  • Rafe Boulon
    • 8
  • Christopher F. G. Jeffrey
    • 9
  • Charles Menza
    • 9
  • Chris Caldow
    • 9
  • Nasseer Idrisi
    • 10
  • Barbara Kojis
    • 11
  • Mark E. Monaco
    • 9
  • Anthony Spitzack
    • 1
  • Elizabeth H. Gladfelter
    • 12
  • John C. Ogden
    • 13
  • Zandy Hillis-Starr
    • 14
  • Ian Lundgren
    • 14
  • William Bane Schill
    • 15
  • Ilsa B. Kuffner
    • 16
  • Laurie L. Richardson
    • 17
  • Barry E. Devine
    • 18
  • Joshua D. Voss
    • 19
  1. 1.US Geological Survey Caribbean Field StationSt. JohnUSA
  2. 2.National Park Service South Florida/Caribbean Inventory and Monitoring NetworkSt. JohnUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biological ScienceFlorida Institute of TechnologyMelbourneUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiologyCalifornia State UniversityNorthridgeUSA
  5. 5.Center for Marine and Environmental StudiesUniversity of the Virgin IslandsSt. ThomasUSA
  6. 6.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of Hawaii at HiloHiloUSA
  7. 7.Biogeography Team & The Oceanic InstituteWaimanaloUSA
  8. 8.National Park ServiceVirgin Islands National Park/Virgin Islands Coral Reef National MonumentSt. JohnUSA
  9. 9.National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration National Ocean ServiceSilver SpringUSA
  10. 10.MacLean Marine Science CenterUniversity of the Virgin IslandsSt. ThomasUSA
  11. 11.Tropical DiscoveriesSt. ThomasUSA
  12. 12.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  13. 13.Florida Institute of OceanographySt. PetersburgUSA
  14. 14.National Park Service Buck Island Reef National MonumentChristianstedUSA
  15. 15.US Geological Survey Leetown Science CenterNational Fish Health Research LaboratoryKearneysvilleUSA
  16. 16.US Geological SurveySt. PetersburgUSA
  17. 17.Department of Biological SciencesFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  18. 18.Eastern Caribbean CenterUniversity of the Virgin IslandsSt. ThomasUSA
  19. 19.Harbor Branch Oceanographic InstitutionPierceUSA

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