US Coral Reefs in the Line and Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific Ocean: Status, Threats and Significance

  • James Maragos
  • Alan M. Friedlander
  • Scott Godwin
  • Craig Musburger
  • Roy Tsuda
  • Elizabeth Flint
  • Olga Pantos
  • Paula Ayotte
  • Enric Sala
  • Stuart Sandin
  • Sarah McTee
  • Daria Siciliano
  • David Obura
Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 1)

This is the second of two chapters on the coral reefs of the five US Line and Phoenix Islands, consisting of Baker, Howland and Jarvis Islands, Kingman Reef, ; and Palmyra Atoll (Fig. 16.1). The previous chapter (Chapter 15, Maragos et al.) covers the history, geology, oceanography and biology, while this chapter covers the status, threats and significance of the five. All are low reef islets or atolls in the central Pacific Ocean administered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service as National Wildlife Refuges. These 5 Refuges are among 20 within the tropical Pacific and among 10 that protect coral reefs. Together they are geographically a part of the largest series of fully protected marine areas under unified management in the world.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Maragos
    • 1
  • Alan M. Friedlander
    • 2
  • Scott Godwin
    • 3
  • Craig Musburger
    • 4
  • Roy Tsuda
    • 5
  • Elizabeth Flint
    • 1
  • Olga Pantos
    • 6
  • Paula Ayotte
    • 7
  • Enric Sala
    • 8
  • Stuart Sandin
    • 8
  • Sarah McTee
    • 4
  • Daria Siciliano
    • 9
  • David Obura
    • 10
  1. 1.Pacific Remote Islands National Wildlife Refuge ComplexU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.Biogeography Team & The Oceanic InstituteWaimanaloUSA
  3. 3.Hawaii Institute of Marine BiologyUniversity of HawaiiKaneoheUSA
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA
  5. 5.Natural SciencesBernice P. Bishop MuseumHonoluluUSA
  6. 6.Centre for Marine StudiesUniversity of QueenslandAustralia
  7. 7.Marine Sciences DepartmentUniversity of HawaiiHiloUSA
  8. 8.Center for Marine Biodiversity and ConservationScripps Institution of OceanographyLa JollaUSA
  9. 9.Physics DepartmentNaval Postgraduate SchoolMontereyUSA
  10. 10.CORDIO East AfricaKenyatta Public BeachKenya

Personalised recommendations