Biomolecules Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes and Their Applications

  • Daxiang Cui
Part of the Carbon Materials: Chemistry and Physics book series (CMCP, volume 1)

Abstract

In recent years, functionalization of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with biomolecules such as nucleotide acids, proteins, and artificial polymers have emerged as a new exciting field. Theoretical and experimental studies of structure and function of bio-inspired CNT composites have made great advances. The importance of nucleic acids, proteins, and synthesized polymers to the fundamental developments in CNT-based bio-nano-composites or devices has been recognized. In particular, biomechanics, biochemistry, thermodynamics, electronic, optical and magnetic properties, and biocompatibility and toxicology of the bio-inspired CNT composites have become a new interdisciplinary frontier in life science and nanomaterial science. Bio-inspired CNT composites have been actively exploited potentials in applications such as gene/drug delivery system, tissue engineering scaffolds, hydrogen storage, molecular imaging, biocatalyst systems, biosensors, and antifouling films. Here we review the main advances in this field over the past few years, explore their application prospects, and discuss the issues, approaches, and challenges, with the aim of improving and developing CNT-based bio-nanotechnology.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes biomolecules nanocomposites functionalization applications 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daxiang Cui
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bio-Nano Science and Engineering, National Key Laboratory of Nano/Micro Fabrication Technology, Key laboratory for thin film and microfabrication of Ministry of Education, Institute of Micro and Nano Science and TechnologyShanghai Jiaotong UniversityShanghaiP. R. China

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