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Polar Organic Micropollutants In The Water Cycle

  • Juliane Hollender
  • Heinz Singer
  • Christa S. McArdell
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series book series (NAPSC)

Emerging contaminants such as pharmaceuticals and biocides are released from sewage treatment plants and also from agricultural fields. They are increasingly monitored in surface and groundwater but are not yet included as priority compounds in European guidelines. Analysis of these mostly polar compounds and their sometimes relevant metabolites is more and more carried out by LC-MS-MS. The main elimination processes in sewage treatment plants are sorption and biodegradation. Both processes are difficult to predict in case of polar compounds and therefore fate studies are essential.

Keywords

micropollutants pharmaceuticals biocides metabolites emerging contaminants priority compounds tracer chemical analysis LC-MS monitoring surface water groundwater 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliane Hollender
    • 1
  • Heinz Singer
    • 1
  • Christa S. McArdell
    • 1
  1. 1.Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology - EAWAGSwitzerland

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