Introduction to the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS)

Part of the Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE, volume 20)


To provide readers with information on the data source and research opportunities inherent in the CLHLS data sets, we present in this chapter an introduction to the CLHLS. The chapter includes the general goals, the specific objectives of, the organizational framework, study design, sample distribution and contents of the data collected, and finally a comparison with other survey projects focusing on elderly populations.


Adult child sample CLHLS Data collection Data source Determinant Centenarian Elderly population Extent of disability and suffering before dying Family relation Healthy longevity Intergenerational relation Next-of-kin Oldest-old Over-sampling Refusal rate Research opportunities Sample distribution Study design Weight 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson, B.A., C.S. Kim, J.H. Romani, J.W. Traphagan, and J. Liu (1999), Living arrangements and mortality risks of the urban elderly in Yunnan Province, China, 1995.Research Reports No.99-435. University of Michigan: Population Studies CenterGoogle Scholar
  2. Baltes, P.B. and K.U. Mayer (1999), The Berlin aging study: aging from 70 to 100. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Coale, A.J. and E.E. Kisker (1986), Mortality crossovers: reality or bad data? Population Studies40, pp.389–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coale, A.J. and S. Li (1991), The effect of age misreporting in China on the calculation of mortality rates at very high ages. Demography28 (2), pp.293–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cutler, D. and E. Richardson (1997), Measuring the health of the U.S. population. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics, pp.217–271Google Scholar
  6. Elo, I.T. and S.H. Preston (1992), Effects of early-life conditions on adult mortality: A review. Population Index 58 (2), pp.186–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. George, L.K. (2002), Research design in end-of-life research: state of science. The Gerontologist 42, pp.86–98Google Scholar
  8. Jeune, B. (1995), In search of the first centenarians. In: B. Jeune and J.W. Vaupel (eds): Exceptional longevity: from prehistory to the present. Odense: Odense University PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Leon, J., C.K. Cheng, and P.J. Neumann (1998), Alzheimer’s disease care: Costs and potential savings. Health Affairs17, pp.206–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lubitz, J. and R. Prihoda (1983), The use and costs of Medicare services in the last two years of life. Health Care Financing Review 5, pp. 117–131Google Scholar
  11. Lye, D.N. (1996), Adult child-parent relationships. Annual Review of Sociology22, pp. 79–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mosley, H.W. and R. Gray (1993), Childhood precursors of adult morbidity and mortality in developing countries: implications for health programs. In: J. Gribble and S. H. Preston (eds): The epidemiological transition: Policy and planning implications for developing countries. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. pp. 69–100Google Scholar
  13. Morand, O.F. (2002), Economic growth, longevity, and the epidemiological transition. Working paper. University of Connecticut, Department of Economics. Available at Scholar
  14. Murray, C.J.L. and A.D. Lopez (eds) (1996), The global burden of disease. Harvard School of Public Health, distributed by Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  15. Nordhaus, W.D. (2002), The health of nations: The contributions of improved health to living standard. Working Paper 8818, National Bureau of Economic Research. Available at Scholar
  16. Rogers, R.G. (1996), The effects of family composition, health, and social support linkages on mortality. Journal of Health and Social Behavior37, pp. 326–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Suzman, R.M., D.P. Willis, and K.G. Manton (1992), The oldest old.New York: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  18. Thompson, L. and A.G. Walker (1982), The dyad as the unit of analysis: conceptual and methodological issues. Journal of Marriage and the Family 444, pp. 889–900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Torrey, B.B. (1992), Sharing increasing costs on declining income: the visible dilemma of the invisible aged. In: R.M. Suzman, D.P. Willis, and K.G. Manton (eds): The oldest old. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 381–393Google Scholar
  20. United Nations, Population Division (2005), World population prospects: The 2004 revision. New York.Google Scholar
  21. Vaupel, J.W., J.R. Carey, K. Christensen, T.E. Johnson., A.I. Yashin, N.V. Holm, I.A. Iachine, V. Kannisto, A.A. Khazaeli, P. Liedo, V.D. Longo, Y. Zeng, K.G. Manton, and J.W. Curtsinger (1998), Biodemographic trajectories of longevity. Science280 5365, pp. 855–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wang, Z., Y. Zeng, B. Jeune, and J.W. Vaupel (1998), Age validation of Han Chinese centenarians. GENUS—An International Journal of Demography54, pp. 123–141Google Scholar
  23. Wellman, B. and S. Wortley (1990), Different strokes from different folks: Community ties and social support. American Journal of Sociology96, pp. 558–588Google Scholar
  24. World Health Organization (WHO), (2002), Healthy aging is vital for development. Press Release WHO/24,9 April 2002Google Scholar
  25. Zeng, Y. and L. George (2002), Extremely rapid aging and the living arrangement of elderly persons: The case of China. Population bulletin of the United Nations, Special issue Nos. 42/43: Living arrangements of older persons. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  26. Zeng, Y., J.W. Vaupel, Z. Xiao, C. Zhang and Y. Liu (2001), The healthy longevity survey and the active life expectancy of the oldest old in China. Population: An English Selection 13, 1, pp. 95–116Google Scholar
  27. Zeng, Y., J.W. Vaupel, Z. Xiao, C. Zhang, and Y. Liu (2002), Sociademographic and health profiles of oldest old in chiana. Population and Devolopment Review 28 2, pp. 251–273.Google Scholar
  28. Zunzunegui, M.V., F. B’eland, and A. Otero (2001), Support from children, living arrangements, self-rated health and depressive symptoms of older people in Spain. International Journal of Epidemiology 30, pp. 1090–1099CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeng Yi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Study of Aging and Human DevelopmentMedical School of Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Center for Healthy Aging and Family Studies/China Center for Economic ResearchPeking UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations