Healthy Longevity in China

Volume 20 of the series Demographic Methods and Population Analysis pp 197-213

Living Arrangements and Psychological Disposition of the Oldest Old Population in China

  • Zheng WuAffiliated withDepartment of Sociology, University of Victoria
  • , Christoph M. Schimmele

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Using data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (1998 and 2000), this chapter investigates whether different living arrangements influence the psychological disposition among the oldest old population (individuals aged 80+). This chapter’s longitudinal findings demonstrate that oldest old people living in family co-residences have superior psychological dispositions than individuals living alone or in nursing homes. The advantages of family co-residences are independent of differences in socioeconomic status, health status (including functional limitations), and demographic characteristics. The chapter’s findings also confirm that living arrangements have differential effects on the psychological disposition of selected age groups, with different types of family co-residential households having uneven effects between individuals aged 80–89 years and those aged 90 years and older.


Co-residence Disability paradox Fixed-effects Healthy aging Living arrangements Mental health Mixed models procedure Oldest old OLS models Population health Positive psychological disposition Psychological disposition Psychological hardiness Psychological well-being Random effects model Restricted maximum likelihood Robust psychological disposition Salutogenesis Two-level hierarchical linear model