Advertisement

This review will consider several aspects of the induction and exploitation of in vitro embryogenesis in plants. In particular it will describe recent molecular data that has supplemented the earlier empirical information obtained largely by trial and error. It will also describe how the process of induced embryogenesis is commercially exploited.

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Zygotic Embryo Microspore Culture Microspore Embryogenesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Boutilier K, Offringa R, Sharma VK, Kieft H, Ouellet T, Zhang L, Hattori J, Liu CM, Van Lammeren AA, Miki BL, Custers JB, Van Lookeren Campagne MM (2002) Ectopic expression of BABY BOOM triggers a conversion from vegetative to embryonic growth. Plant Cell 14: 1737-1749.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bozhkov PV, Filonova LH, Suarez MF (2005a) Programmed cell death in plant embryogenesis. Curr Top Dev Biol 67: 135-179.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bozhkov PV, Suarez MF, Filonova LH, Daniel G, Zamyatnin AA, Rodriguez-Nieto S, Zhivotovsky B, Smertenko A (2005b) Cysteine protease mcII-Pa executes programmed cell death during plant embryogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102: 14463-14468.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Braybrook SA, Stone SL, Park S, Bui AQ, Le BH, Fischer RL, Goldberg RB, Harada JJ (2006) Genes directly regulated by LEAFY COTYLEDON2 provide insight into the control of embryo maturation and somatic embryogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103: 3468-3473.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Che P, Love TM, Frame BR, Wang K, Carriquiry AL, Howell SH (2006) Gene expression patterns during somatic embryo development and germination in maize Hi II callus cultures. Plant Mol Biol 62: 1-14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ding YH, Liu NY, Tang ZS, Liu J, Yang WC (2006) Arabidopsis GLUTAMINE-RICH PROTEIN23 is essential for early embryogenesis and encodes a novel nuclear PPR motif protein that interacts with RNA polymerase II subunit III. Plant Cell 18: 815-830.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Dunwell JM (1976) A comparative study of environmental and developmental factors which influence embryo induction and growth in cultured anthers of Nicotiana tabacum. Environ Exp Bot 16: 109-118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dunwell JM (1978) Division and differentiation in cultured pollen. In: Thorpe TA (ed) Frontiers of Plant Tissue Culture 1978. Int Assoc Plant Tissue Cult. Cal-gary, pp. 103-112.Google Scholar
  9. Dunwell JM (1985) Embryogenesis from pollen in vitro. In: Zaitlin P, Day P, Hollaender A (eds) Biotechnology in Plant Science. Academic Press, Orlando, pp. 49-76.Google Scholar
  10. Dunwell JM (1992) Mechanisms of microspore embryogenesis. In: Dattée Y, Dumas C, Gallais A (eds) Reproductive Biology and Plant Breeding. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 121-130.Google Scholar
  11. Dunwell JM (2005) Review: Intellectual property aspects of plant transformation. Plant Biotech J 3: 371-384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Farlow WG (1874) An asexual growth from the prothallus of Pteris cretica. Q J Microsc Sci 14: 266-272.Google Scholar
  13. Gaj MD, Zhang S, Harada JJ, Lemaux PG (2005) Leafy cotyledon genes are essential for induction of somatic embryogenesis of Arabidopsis. Planta 222: 977-988.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Guha S, Maheshwari SC (1964). In vitro production of embryos from anthers of Datura. Nature 204: 497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hirsch AM (1975) The effect of sucrose on the differentiation of excised fern leaf tissue into either gametophytes or sporophytes. Plant Physiol 56: 390-393.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Hosp J, Tashpulatov A, Roessner U, Barsova E, Katholnigg H, Steinborn R, Melikant B, Lukyanov S, Heberle-Bors E, Touraev A (2007) Transcriptional and metabolic profiles of stress-induced, embryogenic tobacco microspores. Plant Mol Biol 63: 137-149.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Jenik PD, Barton MK (2005) Surge and destroy: the role of auxin in plant embryogenesis. Development 132: 3577-3585.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Jenik PD, Jurkuta RE, Barton MK (2005) Interactions between the cell cycle and embryonic patterning in Arabidopsis uncovered by a mutation in DNA poly-merase epsilon. Plant Cell 17: 3362-3377.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Kang TJ, Lee WS, Choi EG, Kim JW, Kim BG, Yang MS (2006) Mass produc-tion of somatic embryos expressing Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit in Siberian ginseng. J Biotechnol 121: 124-133.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Kim I, Zambryski PC (2005) Cell-to-cell communication via plasmodesmata dur-ing Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Curr Opin Plant Biol 8: 593-599.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lakshmanan P, Geijskes RJ, Wang L, Elliott A, Grof CP, Berding N, Smith GR (2006) Developmental and hormonal regulation of direct shoot organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis in sugarcane (Saccharum spp. interspecific hybrids) leaf culture. Plant Cell Rep 25: 1007-1015.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Latvala-Kilby SM, Kilby NJ (2006) Uncovering the post-embryonic role of embryo essential genes in Arabidopsis using the controlled induction of visibly marked genetic mosaics: EMB506, an illustration. Plant Mol Biol 61:179-184.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Le Q, Gutierrez-Marcos JF, Costa LM, Meyer S, Dickinson HG, Lorz H, Kranz E, Scholten S (2005) Construction and screening of subtracted cDNA libraries from limited populations of plant cells: A comparative analysis of gene expression between maize egg cells and central cells. Plant J 44: 167-178.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Leibfried A, To JP, Busch W, Stehling S, Kehle A, Demar M, Kieber JJ, Lohmann JU (2005) WUSCHEL controls meristem function by direct regulation of cytokinin-inducible response regulators. Nature 438: 1172-1175.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Long JA, Ohno C, Smith ZR, Meyerowitz EM (2006) TOPLESS regulates apical embryonic fate in Arabidopsis. Science 312: 1520-1523.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Malik MR, Wang F, Dirpaul JM, Zhou N, Polowick PL, Ferrie AM, Krochko JE (2007) Transcript profiling and identification of molecular markers for early microspore embryogenesis in Brassica napus. Plant Physiol 144: 134-154.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Nehra N, Becwar MR, Rottmann WH, Pearson L, Chowdhury K, Chang S, Wilde HD, Kodrzycki RJ, Zhang C, Gause KC, Parks DW, Hinchee MA (2005) Forest biotechnology: Innovative methods, emerging opportunities. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol - Plant 41: 701-717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ning J, Peng XB, Qu LH, Xin HP, Yan TT, Sun M. (2006) Differential gene ex-pression in egg cells and zygotes suggests that the transcriptome is restricted before the first zygotic division in tobacco. FEBS Lett 580: 1747-1752.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Nolan KE, Saeed NA, Rose RJ. (2006) The stress kinase gene MtSK1 in Medi-cago truncatula with particular reference to somatic embryogenesis. Plant Cell Rep 25: 711-722.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Okamoto T, Scholten S, Lorz H, Kranz E. (2005) Identification of genes that are up- or down-regulated in the apical or basal cell of maize two-celled embryos and monitoring their expression during zygote development by a cell manipu-lation- and PCR-based approach. Plant Cell Physiol 46: 332-338.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Palmer CED, Keller WA (2005) Challenges and limitations to the use of haploidy in crop improvement. In: Palmer CED, Keller WA, Kasha KJ (eds) Haploids in Crop Improvement II. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 295-303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Quint M, Gray WM (2006) Auxin signaling. Curr Opin Plant Biol 9: 448-453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Segui-Simarro JM, Barany I, Suarez R, Fadon B, Testillano PS, Risueno MC. (2006) Nuclear bodies domain changes with microspore reprogramming to embryogenesis. Eur J Histochem 50: 35-44.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Shariatpanahi ME, Belogradova K, Hessamvaziri L, Heberle-Bors E, Touraev A (2006) Efficient embryogenesis and regeneration in freshly isolated and cul-tured wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) microspores without stress pretreatment. Plant Cell Rep 25: 1294-1299.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Sunderland N, Dunwell JM (1974) Pathways in pollen embryogenesis. In: Street HE (ed) Tissue Culture and Plant Science 1974. Academic Press, London, pp. 141-167.Google Scholar
  36. Tang XC, He YQ, Wang Y, Sun MX (2006) The role of arabinogalactan proteins binding to Yariv reagents in the initiation, cell developmental fate, and main-tenance of microspore embryogenesis in Brassica napus L. cv. Topas. J Exp Bot 57: 2639-2650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wei J, Li XR, Sun MX (2006) Establishment of a simple and efficient system for somatic embryo induction via ovule culture in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Rep 25: 1275-1280.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Whittier DP, Steeves TA (1960) The induction of apogamy in the bracken fern. Can J Bot 38: 925-930.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Winkelmann T, Heintz D, Van Dorsselaer A, Serek M, Braun HP (2006) Proteo-mic analyses of somatic and zygotic embryos of Cyclamen persicum Mill. re-veal new insights into seed and germination physiology. Planta 224: 508-519.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Xiao W, Custard KD, Brown RC, Lemmon BE, Harada JJ, Goldberg RB, Fischer RL (2006) DNA methylation is critical for Arabidopsis embryogenesis and seed viability. Plant Cell 18: 805-814.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Xu J, Zhang HY, Xie CH, Xue HW, Dijkhuis P, Liu CM (2005) EMBRYONIC FACTOR 1 encodes an AMP deaminase and is essential for the zygote to em-bryo transition in Arabidopsis. Plant J 42: 743-756.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jim M. Dunwell
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of ReadingWhiteknightsUK

Personalised recommendations