Indication of the State of the Environment with GIS and People: a Case Study and planning tool for mulfingen, a municipality in South Germany
As an outcome of a five years research project and a couple of experiences in other studies we present a case study and planning tool about an indication of the state of the environment of the municipality Mulfingen, South Germany. Municipalities in Germany do have the major planning power and thus steer their development, including socio-ecological resources and loads. Firstly, we discuss indicator sets for sustainable development, focusing on the environment. Secondly, we explain the context and the main case study in the municipality Mulfingen. In a third step we present our indicator set, chosen together with the stakeholders. Fourthly, we describe the use of GIS and data base, and show the advantages of calculations and visualisation. After that, 21 indicators in the categories and so-called action fields: Energy supply, water supply, waste, settlements, environmental protection, agriculture, tourism, and nature conservation are calculated. Four of them indicate good conditions, eight show more or less acceptable situations, and nine indicator values are seriously bad. As a final result, the complete balance of the state of the environment is presented as an amoeba diagram. For the overall approach we conclude, that it is of high importance to define indicators as well as the use of information technology closely with the people involved, in order to optimize the outreach of the approach.
Keywords: Environmental indicators; Geographical Information Systems (GIS); Human-Environment Systems; Landscape assessment
KeywordsGeographical Information System Geographical Information System Noise Exposure Environmental Indicator Planning Tool
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