Nature and Sustainability of the Marine Environment
Singapore’s marine environment continues to perform a highly significant but largely unacknowledged role in supporting the country’s economic growth. Its strategic location and natural harbour assets were immediately recognized and capitalized on by its founder, Sir Stamford Raffles, in 1819. The waters were fully utilized for shipping since the country’s early history allowing it to develop into one of the world’s busiest ports today. The trend is likely to continue unabated with the Maritime and Port Authority’s mission “to develop and promote Singapore as a premier global hub port and an international maritime centre, and to safeguard Singapore’s strategic maritime interests”.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Burke L, Selig E, Spalding M (2002) Reefs at risk in Southeast Asia. World Resources Institute, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Chou LM, Jaafar Z (2002) Improving the aquatic environment in semi-enclosed areas through biological applications. Proceedings of the 6th Asia-Pacific NGOs’ Environmental Conference, Foundation of Ocean, Taiwan, pp 1–12Google Scholar
- Chou LM, Tun KPP (2005) Singapore. In: Status of coral reefs in East Asian Seas region: 2004. Ministry of the Environment, Japan, pp 53–69Google Scholar
- Chou LM, Tan HTW, Yeo DCJ (2006) The natural heritage of Singapore. Pearson/Prentice-Hall, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
- Ding JK, Fung FMY, Chou LM (1994) Cytotoxic effects of mucus from coral Galaxea fascicularis. Journal of Marine Biotechnology 2: 7–33Google Scholar
- Fung FMY, Tachibana S, Chou LM, Ding JL (1997) Cytotoxic and anticancer agents in mucus of Galaxea fascicularis: purification and characterisation. Journal of Marine Biotechnology 5: 50–57Google Scholar
- Koh LL, Goh NKC, Chou LM, Tan YW (2000) Chemical and physical defenses of Singapore gorgonians (Octocorallia: Gorgonacea). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 251: 03–115Google Scholar
- MPA (2005) Annual Report 2005. Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
- MPP-EAS (1999) Total economic valuation: coastal and marine resources in the Straits of Malacca. MPP-EAS Technical Report No 24/PEMSEA Technical Report No 2, Global Environment Facility/United Nations Development Programme/International Maritime Organisation Regional Programme for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas (MPP-EAS)/Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA), Quezon City, PhilippinesGoogle Scholar
- Ng PKL, Sivasothi N (1999) A guide to the mangroves of Singapore 1. Singapore Science Centre, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
- Ngiam TT, Cheong L (2006) Southeast Asian Agriculture and Development Primer Series: Singapore. SEAMEO/SEARCA, PhilippinesGoogle Scholar
- Tan AKJ (2002) APCEL Report: Singapore (ASEAN Project). Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law, National University of Singapore, SingaporeGoogle Scholar