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Some Advances in Two-Phase Thermofluid Research for Environmental Protection and Pollution Reduction

  • P. J. Bowen
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Two-phase thermofluid processes can be utilized and optimized to contribute to Environmental Protection and Pollution reduction. This paper describes recent advances in understanding and optimizing some of these processes, which are employed within a broad range of engineering applications including combustion engines, power generators and large-scale uncontrolled hazards such as fires or explosions. It describes advances in understanding of novel fuel injection and atomization processes, the development of direct numerical simulation (DNS) techniques for free-boundary two-phase problems and the potential of future modeling approaches. Progress in understanding two-phase combustion systems includes burning rate, ignition characteristics, explosions involving high-flashpoint fuels, flame interaction with water vapor and water mists, and the generation of ultrafine particulate matter. Advances in both experimental and modeling approaches are discussed.

Keywords

Direct Numerical Simulation Burning Rate Water Mist Spectral Element Method Cloud Chamber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. Bowen
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiff School of EngineeringCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

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