Advertisement

Participation and the Ecology of Environmental Awareness and Action

  • Louise Chawla

This chapter takes up two questions essential to participatory environmental education: What experiences prepare children to be aware of their environment and to take action on its behalf? And, how can communities support children’s environmental learning and action? I suggest answers to these questions based on an ecological approach to psychology and show how research on the significant life experiences of people committed to environmental education and action can be understood within this framework. I also argue that environmental education can most productively encourage children to know, value, and protect the diversity of life on this planet if it builds on a theoretical foundation that embeds human development in an ecological context.

Keywords community development, children’s agency, ecological psychology, environmental learning, environmental citizenship

Keywords

Natural World Environmental Education Joint Attention Environmental Awareness Ecological Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bandura, A. (1997) Self-efficacy. New York: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  2. Barker, R. (1968) Ecological Psychology. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Barker, R. and Gump, P. (1964) Big School, Small School. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Barker, R. and Schoggen, P. (1973) Qualities of Community Life. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  5. Breiting, S. and Mogensen, F. (1999) Action competence and environmental education. Cambridge Journal of Education, 29, 3: 349–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carson, R. (1956) The Sense of Wonder. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  7. Chawla, L. (1992) Childhood place attachments. In: Altman, I. and Low, S. (eds), Place Attachment. New York: Plenum, pp. 63–86.Google Scholar
  8. Chawla, L. (1999) Life paths into effective environmental action. Journal of Environmental Education, 31, 1: 15–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chawla, L. (ed) (2002) Growing Up in an Urbanising World. London/Paris: Earthscan Publications/UNESCO.Google Scholar
  10. Chawla, L. and Heft, H. (2001) Children’s competence and the ecology of communities: a functional approach to the evaluation of participation. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22: 201–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chawla, L. and Salvadori, I. (2003) Children for cities and cities for children: learning to know and care about urban ecosystems. In: Berkowitz, A., Nilon, C., and Hollweg, K. (eds), Understanding Urban Ecosystems: A New Frontier for Science and Education. New York: Springer, pp. 294–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cooper Marcus, C. (1978) Remembrance of landscapes past. Landscape, 22, 3: 34–43.Google Scholar
  13. Fuglesang, A. and Chandler, D. (1997) Children’s Participation: A Case for a Strategy of Empowerment in Early Childhood. Oslo: Save the Children Norway.Google Scholar
  14. Gaster, S. (1991) Urban children’s access to their neighbourhoods. Environment and Behavior, 23, 1: 70–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gibson, E. and Pick, A.D. (2000) An Ecological Approach to Perceptual Leaning and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Gibson, J.J. (1966) The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin.Google Scholar
  17. Gibson, J. J (1979) The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.Google Scholar
  18. Goodenough, E. (ed) (2003) Secret Spaces of Childhood. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  19. Harrison, C., Limb, M., and Burgess, J. (1987) Nature in the city: popular values for a living world. Journal of Environmental Management, 25: 347–362.Google Scholar
  20. Heft, H. (1988) Affordances of children’s environments: a functional approach to environmental description, Children’s Environments Quarterly, 5: 29–37.Google Scholar
  21. Heft, H. (1989) Affordances and the body: an intentional analysis of Gibson’s ecological approach to visual perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 19: 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Heft, H. (2001) Ecological Psychology in Context. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  23. Heft, H. and Chawla, L. (2005) Children as agents in sustainable development: the ecology of competence. In: Spencer, C. and Blades, M. (eds), Children and Their Environments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 199–216.Google Scholar
  24. Hungerford, H. and Volk, T. (1990) Changing learner behavior through environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 21, 3: 8–21.Google Scholar
  25. Jensen, B.B. and Schnack, K. (1997) The action competence approach in environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 3, 2: 163–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kytta, M. (2002) Affordances of children’s environments in the context of cities, small towns, suburbs and rural villages in Finland and Belarus. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22: 109–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kytta, M. (2004) The extent of children’s independent mobility and the number of actualized affordances as criteria for child-friendly environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24: 179–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Leopold, A. (1949/1966) A Sand County Almanac. New York: Oxford University Press. (Originally published in 1949.).Google Scholar
  29. Louv, R. (2005) Last Child in the Woods. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books.Google Scholar
  30. Moore, R. (1989) Before and after asphalt: diversity as an ecological measure of quality in children’s outdoor environments. In: Bloch, M. and Pelligrini, T. (eds), The Ecological Context of Children’s Play. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, pp. 191–213.Google Scholar
  31. Palmer, J., Suggate, J., Robottom, I., and Hart, P. (1999) Significant life experiences and formative influences on the development of adults’ environmental awareness in the UK, Australia and Canada. Environmental Education Research, 5, 2: 181–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Reed, E.S. (1996a) Encountering the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Reed, E.S. (1996b) The Necessity of Experience. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Rissotto, A. and Tonucci, F. (2002) Freedom of movement and environmental knowledge in elementary school children. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22: 65–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rovee-Collier, C.K. (1986) The rise and fall of infant classical conditioning research. In: Lipsett, L.P. and Rovee-Collier, C.K. (eds), Advances in Infancy Research, 4: 139–159. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
  36. Rogoff, B. (1990) Apprenticeship in Thinking. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Rogoff, B. (2003) The Cultural Nature of Human Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Ryan, R.M. and Deci, E.L. (2001) On happiness and human potentials. In: Fiske, S.T., Schachter, D.L., and Zahn-Waxler, C. (eds), Annual Review of Psychology, 52: 141–166. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews.Google Scholar
  39. Seligman, M. and Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000) Positive psychology: an introduction. American Psychologist, 55: 5–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Schoggen, P. (1989) Behavior Settings. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Stern, D. (1985) The Interpersonal World of the Infant. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  42. Stern, P.C. (2000) Toward a coherent theory of environmentally significant behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 56, 3: 407–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tanner, T. (ed) (1998) Special issue on significant life experiences. Environmental Education Research, 4, 4: pp. 365–463.Google Scholar
  44. Vygotsky, L.S. (1978) Mind in Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Zavestoski, S. (2003) Constructing and maintaining ecological identities. In: Clayton, S. and Opotow, S. (eds), Identity and the Natural Environment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 297–315.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louise Chawla
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Architecutre & PlanningUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations