International Handbook on Giftedness pp 275-293
The Neural Plasticity of Giftedness
Based on known types of neural plasticity such as phantom limb, pediatric hemispherectomy, and synesthesia, this chapter proposes that giftedness is a type of neural plasticity not well understood. Three questions guide the exploration of this idea. First, how does state of mind contribute to the acquisition and demonstration of giftedness? Second, what is the contribution of stress to the acquisition or demonstration of expertise? Finally, what are the contributions of sensory, perceptual, and motivational mechanisms to superlative higher level cognition and resulting performance state(s)? A larger paradigm is required to integrate existing empirical and theoretical information to guide the exploration of the potential nature of individual differences, human performance, and creativity on an elaborate scale. This chapter will reconcile these topics and issues into a general theory of giftedness as another type of neural plasticity.
KeywordsState of mind Neural plasticity Fluid intelligence Reasoning Cerebellum Basal ganglia fMRI Domain general ability
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