Critical Loads and Dynamic Modelling to Assess European Areas at Risk of Acidification and Eutrophication
European critical loads and novel dynamic modelling data have been compiled under the LRTAP Convention by the Coordination Centre for Effects. In 2000 9.8% of the pan-European and 20.8% of the EU25 ecosystem area were at risk of acidification. For eutrophication (nutrient N) the areas at risk were 30.1 and 71.2%, respectively. Dynamic modelling results reveal that 95% of the area at risk of acidification could recover by 2030 provided acid deposition is reduced according to present legislation. Insight into the timing of effects of exceedances of critical loads for nutrient N necessitates the further development of dynamic models.
Keywordsacid deposition critical loads dynamic modelling exceedances LRTAP Convention
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Posch, M., Hettelingh, J.-P., & Slootweg, J. (eds.) (2003). Manual for dynamic modelling of soil response to atmospheric deposition. Coordination Center for Effects, RIVM Report 259101012, Bilthoven, Netherlands, 71 pp (http://www.mnp.nl/cce).
- Posch, M., Slootweg, J., & Hettelingh, J.-P. (Eds.) (2005). European critical loads and dynamic modelling results, Status Report 2005. Coordination Center for Effects, MNP-Report 259101016, Bilthoven, Netherlands, 167 pp (http://www.mnp.nl/cce).
- UBA (2004). Manual on methodologies and criteria for modelling and mapping of critical loads and levels and air pollution effects, risks and trends. Umweltbundesamt, Dessau, Germany. Retrieved from http://www.icpmapping.org.