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Fauna and Zoogeography of the Orthopterid Insects (Embioptera, Dermaptera, Mantodea, Blattodea, Isoptera, and Orthoptera) in Bulgaria

  • Alexi Popov
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 82)

Abstract

Species diversity of orthopterid orders in Bulgaria is analyzed and revised. Four species and one subspecies are deleted from the list of Bulgarian fauna. Platycleis medvedevi and Eupholidoptera chabrieri are added. The number of orthopterid taxa established with certainty in Bulgaria is 251 (238 species and 13 additional subspecies). Presence of other 18 taxa (13 species and five additional subspecies) is not yet confirmed. Horizontal and vertical distribution of all species is analyzed for the first time. The richest in species are the Western Rhodopes (50% of the Bulgarian taxa). Characteristic species of nine regions are listed, and the fauna of these regions is compared. Of the six altitudinal belts, the richest is the fauna of the xerothermic oak forests with 202 taxa (81 taxa in this belt only). The boundaries of significant importance are the timberline and the boundary between the mesophilous forest and the beech forest. An original scheme of zoogeographical placement of all taxa by chorotypes and by the origin is proposed. There are 49 types of chorotypes (geographical ranges). Most numerous are the Eurosiberian species (33 species, or 12.2%) but the thermophilous species (several categories) prevail in the Bulgarian fauna. Except for two oreotundral species with Arctoalpine distribution, all other taxa belong to the Arboreal type, which is divided into 23 categories according to the origin. The Holomediterranean elements are the most numerous (37 species, or 14%). There are twice as many species with the southern (Mediterranean or Balkan) origin as those with northern origin. The origin of southern species is analyzed for six levels of speciation. The most interesting zoogeographically 11 genera are analyzed in detail.

Keywords

Balkan Peninsula Alpine Belt Faunal Element Steppe Species Subalpine Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexi Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.National Museum of Natural HistoryBulgarian Academy of SciencesTsar Osvoboditel Blvd. 1, 1000 SofiaBulgaria

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