Advertisement

Groundwater pp 112-127 | Cite as

Augmentation of Groundwater Resources through Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Method

  • C. Barber

Abstract

Augmentation of groundwater has been practiced for centuries, to allow more sustainable use of groundwater particularly for irrigation supplies. In general, recharge is achieved through surface infiltration into shallow, unconfined aquifers. More recently, aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) has been developed to allow direct injection into deeper aquifer systems, including those which contain poor quality groundwater (brackish to hyper saline) thereby creating freshwater storage where none existed previously. The main constraint to recharge by both infiltration and injection is pore clogging from particulates, from bio-film formation and chemical precipitation. The latter is brought about by reactions between infiltrating/injectant water and resident groundwater, and between these mixtures and mineral phases, which make up the aquifer matrix. These reactions can have adverse impacts not only on pore clogging, but also on degradation of groundwater quality, for example from solubilisation of iron, or formation of dissolved sulphides. Examples of approaches used to assess possible impact on groundwater quality are presented for an arid region in NW China where an assessment was made of storage of treated sewage effluent in an intermontane aquifer system prior to re-use. This involved on-site pilot studies and modeling. Approaches involving geo-chemical modeling and assessment of likely impacts of injection of potable water in confined aquifers in less arid southern Australia will also be presented, highlighting the difficulties in predicting reactions where little is known of the reactivity of injectant and groundwater with aquifer mineralogy.

Keywords

Groundwater Quality Groundwater Resource Injection Well Artificial Recharge Eastern Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barber, C. and Zhu, K. (1999). Augmentation of water supplies for irrigation: A feasibility study of the use of soil aquifer treatment, aquifer storage, recovery and reuse of wastewater in an intermontane basin, Gansu province, PR China. Proc. Intl Conference on Water Resource Management in Intermontane Basins, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2–6 February, 1999. Water Research Centre, Chiang Mai University.Google Scholar
  2. Kanarek, A. and Michail, M. (1996). Groundwater recharge with municipal effluent: Dan region reclamation project, Israel. Water Science and Technology, 34: 227–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Parkhurst, D.L. and Appelo, C.A.J. (1999). User’s guide to PHREEQC (Version 2)—A computer program for speciation, batch-reaction, one-dimensional transport, and inverse geochemical calculations. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4259, 312 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Pavelic, P. and Dillon, P.J. (1997). Review of international experience in injecting natural and reclaimed waters into aquifers for storage and reuse. Centre for Groundwater Studies report No 74, May 1997.Google Scholar
  5. Pyne, R.D.G. (1995). Groundwater recharge and wells. A guide to aquifer storage and recovery. Lewis Publishers, Florida, USA.Google Scholar
  6. Rattray, K.J. (1998). Geochemical reactions induced in carbonate bearing aquifers through artificial recharge. Unpublished MSc Thesis. Flinders University of South Australia.Google Scholar
  7. Rattray, K.J., Martin, M. and Xu, C. (2001). Aquifer Storage and Recovery at Jandakot, Perth, Western Australia. Unpublished report. Water Corporation of Western Australia.Google Scholar
  8. Rinck-Pfeifer, S.M., Ragusa, S.R. and Vandevelde, T. (1998). Column experiments to evaluate clogging and biogeochemical reactions in the vicinity of an effluent injection well. Proc. 3rd Intl Symposium on Artificial Recharge of Groundwater—TISAR 98. 21–25 Sept. 1998, Amsterdam, Netherlands. J.H. Peters et al. (eds).Google Scholar
  9. Scatena, M.C. and Williamson, D.R. (1999). A potential role for artificial recharge in the Perth region: A pre-feasibility study. Centre for Groundwater Studies Report No. 84, August 1999.Google Scholar
  10. Stumm, W. and Morgan, J.J. (1996). Aquatic Chemistry, 3rd Edition. Wiley Interscience, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Thierrin, J., Davis, G.B., Barber, C., Patterson, B.M., Pribac, F., Power, T.R. and Lambert, M. (1993). Natural degradation of BTEX compounds and naphthalene in a sulphate reducing groundwater environment. Hydrological Sciences, 38(4): 309–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Capital Publishing Company 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Barber
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Groundwater Studiesc/o Flinders UniversityAdelaideSouth Australia

Personalised recommendations