AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (ATES)
Storage of renewable energy in the underground will reduce the usage of fossil fuels and electricity. Hence, these systems will benefit to CO2 reduction as well as the reduction of other environmentally harmful gas emissions, like SOX and NOX. ATES, BTES and CTES are three options of Underground Thermal Energy Storage (UTES) systems. ATES and BTES are widely used in some countries. Relevant properties and different aspects of design and construction of ATES systems is discussed in this article.
KeywordsHeat Pump Groundwater Table Observation Well Production Well Thermal Front
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