.Lrn: E-Learning Inside and Outside The Classroom

Supporting Collaborative Learning Communities using a Web Application Toolkit
  • Carl Robert Blesius
  • Pablo Moreno-Ger
  • Gustaf Neumann
  • Emmanuelle Raffenne
  • Jesús González Boticario
  • Carlos Delgado Kloos

Abstract

.LRN is an Open source Web portal and Web application toolkit designed to support both large and small communities of practice and learning inside and outside of educational institutions and the enterprise. .LRN has the features of a complete Course Management System, but is focused on supporting collaborative online learning communities that often go beyond the typical institutional or course based setting. This chapter describes the main features of .LRN, gives an overview of its modular and adaptable technical architecture, includes case studies from projects the authors are directly involved with (which help highlight the benefits of the platforms open source nature and its high performance capabilities), and concludes by giving a quick summary of the future direction of .LRN and the not-for-profit corporation that has formed around the software.

Keywords

Collaborative Learning .LRN OpenACS LMS CMS Web Portals Software Consortia Open Source E-Learning 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alavi, M. (1994) “Computer-Mediated Collaborative Learning: An Empirical Evaluation.” Management Information Systems Quarterly 18(2): 150-174.Google Scholar
  2. Alberer, G., P. Alberer, et al. (2003) The Learn@WU Learning Environment. 6th International Conference on Business Informatics, Dresden, Germany.Google Scholar
  3. Blackboard Inc. (2006) “Blackboard Building Blocks.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http://www.blackboard.com/extend/b2/.Google Scholar
  4. Boticario, J. G., E. Gaudioso, et al. (2001) Towards personalised learning communities on the web. First European Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Maastricht.Google Scholar
  5. Calvo, R. A. and D. Peterson (2002) The OACS web application framework. Ausweb 2002, Australia.Google Scholar
  6. Dougiamas, M. and P. Taylor (2003) Moodle: Using Learning Communities to Create an Open Source Course Management System. World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2003, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, AACE.Google Scholar
  7. E-LANE. (2006) “The E-LANE Project.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http:// www.e-lane.org.Google Scholar
  8. Farmer, J. and I. Dolphin (2005) Sakai: eLearning and More. 11th European Univeristy Information Systems (EUNIS 2005), Manchester, UK.Google Scholar
  9. Goldberg, M. W. and S. Salari (1997) An Update on WebCT (World-Wide-Web Course Tools) - a Tool for the Creation of Sophisticated Web-Based Learning Environments. NAUWeb ‘97 - Current Practices in Web-Based Course Development, Flagstaff, Arizona (United States).Google Scholar
  10. Hernàndez, R. (2005) OpenACS: robust web development framework. Tcl/Tk 2005 Conference, Portland, Oregon.Google Scholar
  11. IMS Global Consortium. (2004) “IMS Content Packaging Specification.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http://www.imsproject.org/content/packaging/.Google Scholar
  12. IMS Global Consortium. (2005) “IMS Learning Design Specification.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http://www.imsproject.org/learningdesign/index.html.Google Scholar
  13. IMS Global Consortium. (2005) “IMS Question & Test Interoperablity Specification.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http://www.imsglobal.org/question/index.html.Google Scholar
  14. Koch, S. (2004) “Profiling an Open Source Project Ecology and Its Programmers.” Electronic Markets 10(2): 77-88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Koper, R. (2003) Combining re-usable learning resources and services to pedagogical purposeful units of learning. Reusing Online Resources: A Sustainable Approach to eLearning. A. Littlejohn. London, Kogan Page: 46-59.Google Scholar
  16. Meeks, C. and R. Mangel (2000) “The Arsdigita Community Education Solution.” Arsdigita Community Journal.Google Scholar
  17. Neumann, G. (2006) “XoWiki.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http://media.wu-wien.ac.at/download/xowiki-doc/index.html.Google Scholar
  18. Neumann, G. and U. Zdun (2000) XOTcl, an Object-Oriented Scripting Language. Tcl2k: The 7th USENIX Tcl/Tk Conference, Austin, Texas, USA.Google Scholar
  19. Ousterhout, J. K. (1994) Tcl and the Tk Toolkit. Reading, MA, Addison-WesleyGoogle Scholar
  20. Reuven, M. L. (2002) “At the forge: introducing AOLserver.” ACM Linux Journal 2002(101): 12.Google Scholar
  21. W3C. (2006) “Web Accessibility Initiative.” Retrieved June 14th, 2006, from http://www.w3.org/WAI/.Google Scholar
  22. Wegerif, R. (1998) “The Social Dimension of Asynchronous Learning Networks.” Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 2(1): 34-49.Google Scholar
  23. Wenger, E. (1998) Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity. New York, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Robert Blesius
    • 1
  • Pablo Moreno-Ger
    • 1
  • Gustaf Neumann
    • 2
  • Emmanuelle Raffenne
    • 3
  • Jesús González Boticario
    • 3
  • Carlos Delgado Kloos
    • 4
  1. 1.Harvard Medical School - Massachusetts General HospitalLaboratory of Computer ScienceUSA
  2. 2.Vienna University of Economics and Business AdministrationAustria
  3. 3.Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia-UNEDSpain
  4. 4.Universidad Carlos III de MadridSpain

Personalised recommendations