Chloroplast Development: Whence and Whither
The history of the chloroplast is a remarkable story, with an improbable beginning.Yetwere it not for the chloroplast, many forms of life would not exist and we would not have the opportunity to look back on its history. The chloroplast provides much of the nutritional base on which animals survive. Its ability to performphotosynthesis is foundational for life on the surface of the earth. Although the plastid varies dramatically in structure and function, the organelle has a monophyletic origin. Much effort has been spent on research to understand the evolution of the plastid and development of its characteristic features. The chloroplasts in green algae and plants have been studied most.
KeywordsThylakoid Membrane Plastid Genome Chloroplast Development Envelope Membrane Bundle Sheath Cell
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