Transgenic Crops of the World

pp 405-423

Tomato Transformation — the Nuclear and Chloroplast Genomes

  • J. van EckAffiliated withThe Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research
  • , A. M. WalmsleyAffiliated withSchool of Life Sciences, Arizona State University Email author 
  • , H. DaniellAffiliated withDepartment of Molecular Biology & Microbiology, University of Central Florida

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Once thought to be poisonous, tomato has become the second most commonly grown vegetable crop in the world behind potato. Traditional plant breeding has resulted in great progress in increasing yield, disease and pest resistance, environmental stress resistance and quality and processing attributes. However, tomato plant breeding programmes still strive to generate a better product. To assist in this goal, some plant breeding programmes have been expanded to include biotechnological techniques. Tomato has long been recognized as an excellent genetic model for molecular biology studies (1). This has resulted in a flood of information including markers and genetic maps, identification of individual chromosomes, promoter isolation, chloroplast and nucleus genome sequences and identification of genes and their function. In turn, this information has made tomato biotechnology more precise and arguably more meaningful.