Costa Rica

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Discovered by Columbus in 1502 on his last voyage, Costa Rica (Rich Coast) was part of the Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain from 1540 to 1821, then of the Central American Federation until 1838 when it achieved full independence. Coffee was introduced in 1808 and became a mainstay of the economy, helping to create a peasant land-owning class.


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Further Reading

  1. Biesanz, R., et al., The Costa Ricans. Hemel Hempstead, 1982Google Scholar
  2. Bird, L., Costa Rica: Unarmed Democracy. London, 1984Google Scholar
  3. Creedman, T. S., Historical Dictionary of Costa Rica. 2nd ed. Metuchen (N.J.), 1991Google Scholar
  4. Cruz, Consuelo, Political Culture and Institutional Development in Costa Rica and Nicaragua: World Making in the Tropics. CUP, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. National Statistical Office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos, San José.Google Scholar
  6. Website (Spanish only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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