• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


There is evidence of human habitation in Anatolia (Asia Minor) from around 7500 BC. Catal Huyuk (on the Konya Plain) flourished between 6500 and 5800 BC to become one of the world’s largest and most important Neolithic sites. Between 1800 and 1200 BC much of Anatolia came under Hittite rule, initially centred on Cappadocia. The artistic work of the Hittites shows a high level of culture with Babylonian and Assyrian influence. Greek colonies were established around the Anatolian coast from around 700 BC including Byzantium, which was founded by Greeks from Megara in 667 BC. Anatolia was conquered by Persians in the 6th century BC.


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Further Reading

  1. State Institute of Statistics. Türkiye İstatistik Yilliği/Statistical Yearbook of Turkey.—Diş Ticaret İstatistikleri/Foreign Trade Statistics (Annual).— Aylik İstatistik Bülten (Monthly).Google Scholar
  2. Abramowitz, Morton, (ed.) Turkey’s Transformation and American Policy. Century Foundation, New York, 2000Google Scholar
  3. Ahmad, F., The Making of Modern Turkey. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barkey, Henri J. and Fuller, Graham E., Turkey’s Kurdish Question. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham (MD), 1999Google Scholar
  5. Goodwin, Jason, Lords of the Horizons: a History of the Ottoman Empire. Henry Holt, New York, USA, 1999Google Scholar
  6. Howe, Marvin, Turkey Today: A Nation Divided over Islam’s Revival. Westview, Oxford, 2000Google Scholar
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  8. Joseph, Joseph S., Turkey and the European Union: Internal Dynamics and External Challenges. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kalaycioğlu, Ersin, Turkish Dynamics: Bridge Across Troubled Lands. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2006.—Turkish Democracy Today. I. B. Tauris, London, 2006Google Scholar
  10. Kedourie, S., Turkey: Identity, Democracy, Politics. London, 1996Google Scholar
  11. Mango, Andrew, Ataturk. John Murray, London and Overlook, New York, 1999Google Scholar
  12. McDowall, David, A Modern History of the Kurds. I. B. Tauris, London, 1996Google Scholar
  13. Pettifer, J., The Turkish Labyrinth: Atatürk and the New Islam. London, 1997Google Scholar
  14. Pope, N. and Pope, H., Turkey Unveiled: Atatürk and After. London, 1997Google Scholar
  15. Zürcher, E. J., Turkey: a Modern History. London and New York, 1993 (NY, 1994)Google Scholar
  16. National Statistical Office: Turkstat, Necatibey Caddesi no. 114, 06100 Ankara.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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