The Netherlands

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Flint tools found in the Maastricht area have been estimated to be 250,000 years old. The first definable culture (c. 3000 BC) was the Late Stone Age ‘Funnel-neck Beaker’ culture, named after the objects made by a people known for their monolithic burial monuments. The environment of the ‘Low Countries’ affected the behaviour of its earliest inhabitants, as demonstrated by the terpen—islands of earth and clay—built by the autochthonous Frisians c. 500 BC as protection from the sea.


Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Exchange Reserve United Province Film Festival Dutch Economy 
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Further Reading

  1. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24.— Statistisch Jaarboek. From 1899/1924.— CBS Select (Statistical Essays). From 1980.— Statistisch Bulletin. From 1945; weekly.—Maandschrift. From 1944; monthly bulletin.—90 Jaren Statistiek in Tijdreeksen (historical series of the Netherlands 1899–1989)Google Scholar
  2. Nationale Rekeningen (National Accounts). From 1948–50.—Statistische onderzoekingen. From 1977.—Regionaal Statistisch Zakboek (Regional Pocket Yearbook). From 1972Google Scholar
  3. Staatsalmanak voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Annual. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  4. Staatsblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. The Hague, from 1814Google Scholar
  5. Staatscourant (State Gazette). The Hague, from 1813Google Scholar
  6. Andeweg, Rudy B. and Irwin, Galen A., Governance and Politics of the Netherlands. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2005Google Scholar
  7. Cox, R. H., The Development of the Dutch Welfare State: from Workers’ Insurance to Universal Entitlement. Pittsburgh Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Gladdish, K., Governing from the Centre: Politics and Policy-Making in the Netherlands. London, 1991Google Scholar
  9. King, P. K. and Wintle, M., The Netherlands. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1988Google Scholar
  10. van Os, Andre, Amsterdam. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1997Google Scholar
  11. National library: De Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Prinz Willem Alexanderhof 5, The Hague.Google Scholar
  12. National Statistical Office: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 4000, 2270 JM Voorburg.Google Scholar
  13. Statistics Netherlands Website:
  14. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  15. Central Bureau of Statistics Website:
  16. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands Antilles Google Scholar
  17. Bank of the Netherlands Antilles. Annual Report.Google Scholar
  18. Schoenhals, K., Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  19. Statistical Office: Central Bureau of Statistics, Fort Amsterdam Z/N, Curaçao.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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