• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


From 1890 Burundi was part of German East Africa and from 1919 part of Ruanda-Urundi, administered by Belgium as a League of Nations mandate. Internal self-government was granted on 1 Jan. 1962, followed by independence on 1 July 1962. In April 1972 fighting broke out between rebels from both Burundi and neighbouring countries and the ruling Tutsi, apparently with the intention of destroying the Tutsi hegemony. Up to 120,000 died. On 1 Nov. 1976 President Micombero was deposed by the Army, as was President Bagaza on 3 Sept. 1987. Maj. Pierre Buyoya assumed the presidency on 1 Oct. 1987.


Presidential Election Transitional Government Parliamentary Election Proven Reserve Rebel Group 
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Further Reading

  1. Daniels, Morna, Burundi. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1992Google Scholar
  2. Lemarchand, R., Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. CUP, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Melson, Robert, Genocide and Crisis in Central Africa: Conflict Roots, Mass Violence and Regional War. Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, 2001Google Scholar
  4. National Statistical Office:. Service des Etudes et Statistiques, Ministère du Plan, Bujumbura.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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