• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 7th and 8th centuries Slavic peoples first settled on the forest covered plains between the Odra and Vistula rivers. Poland takes its name from the Polanie (‘plain dwellers’), whose ruler Mieszko I, first in line of the Piast dynasty, founded the Polish state in 966. Christianity came via Bohemia and Moravia to the Kraków region, and in 991 Mieszko I placed Poland under the Holy Roman See. His son and heir, Bolesław I the Brave (ruled 992–1025) continued his father’s territorial expansionism until Poland’s boundaries were much as they are today. He established an independent Polish Catholic Church in the year 1000 and was officially crowned the first king of Poland in 1024 with the support of Holy Roman Emperor Otto III. The growing power of the church stimulated economic activity ranging from the manufacture of parchment and glass to building and painting.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Statistical Office, Rocznik Statystyczny. Annual—Concise Statistical Yearbook of PolandStatistical Bulletin. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Biskupski, M. B., The History of Poland. 2000Google Scholar
  3. Chodakiewicz, Marek Jan, Poland’s Transformation: A Work in Progress. 2006Google Scholar
  4. Kochanski, Halik, The Eagle Unbowed: Poland and the Poles in the Second World War. 2012Google Scholar
  5. Lukowski, Jerzy and Zawadzki, Hubert, A Concise History of Poland. 2001Google Scholar
  6. Prazmowska, Anita J., History of Poland. 2nd ed. 2011.—Poland: A Modern History. 2010Google Scholar
  7. Sikorski, R., The Polish House: An Intimate History of Poland. 1997; US title: Full Circle. 1997Google Scholar
  8. Slay, B., The Polish Economy: Crisis, Reform and Transformation. 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Staar, R. F. (ed.) Transition to Democracy in Poland. 1993Google Scholar
  10. Wedel, J., The Unplanned Society: Poland During and After Communism. 1992Google Scholar
  11. Zamoyski, Adam, Poland: A History. 2009Google Scholar
  12. National library: Biblioteka Narodowa, al. Niepodleglosci 213, 02–086 Warsaw.Google Scholar
  13. National Statistical Office: Central Statistical Office, Aleje Niepodległości 208, 00–925 Warsaw.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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