• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Neolithic settlement of Mehrgarh in Balochistan, western Pakistan dates from around 7000 BC. Continuously occupied for over 4,000 years, it was a precursor to the Indus Valley civilization, which flourished between 3300 and 1700 BC. Indus Valley settlements spread across much of present-day Pakistan and northwest India, from the Arabian Sea to the foothills of the Himalayas, centring on the cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. The civilization’s decline coincided with the arrival of Indo-European-speaking tribes, including the Aryans, from central Asia. Taxila in northern Pakistan became a centre for the development of Vedic/Hindu culture from the 6th century BC.


Prime Minister Commercial Bank Coalition Government Islamic Banking Foreign Exchange Reserve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Pakistan Statistical Yearbook.—Statistical Pocket Book of Pakistan. (Annual)Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed, A. S., Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin. 1997.Google Scholar
  3. Ahsan, A., The Indus Saga and the Making of Pakistan. 1997.Google Scholar
  4. Akhtar, R., Pakistan Year Book.Google Scholar
  5. Cohen, Stephen Philip, The Idea of Pakistan. 2006.Google Scholar
  6. Jaffrelot, Christophe, (ed.) A History of Pakistan and Its Origins. Revised ed. 2004Google Scholar
  7. Jetly, Rajshree, Pakistan in Regional and Global Politics. 2009.Google Scholar
  8. Joshi, V. T., Pakistan: Zia to Benazir. 1995.Google Scholar
  9. Khan, Hamid, Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan. 2005.Google Scholar
  10. Lieven, Anatol, Pakistan: A Hard Country. 2011.Google Scholar
  11. Lodhi, Maleeha, Pakistan: Beyond ‘The Crisis State’. 2011.Google Scholar
  12. Malik, Iftikhar H., State and Civil Society in Pakistan: the Politics of Authority, Ideology and Ethnicity. 1996.Google Scholar
  13. The History of Pakistan. 2008Google Scholar
  14. Paul, T. V., The India-Pakistan Conflict: An Enduring Rivalry. 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Riedel, Bruce, Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the Future of Global Jihad. 2011.Google Scholar
  16. Talbot, Ian, Pakistan: A Modern History. 1999.Google Scholar
  17. Wynbrandt, James, A Brief History of Pakistan. 2009.Google Scholar
  18. Zaidi, S. Akbar, Issues in Pakistan’s Economy. 2005.Google Scholar
  19. Ziring, Lawrence, Pakistan in the 20th Century: A Political History. 2004.Google Scholar
  20. National library: National Library of Pakistan, Constitution Avenue, Islamabad.Google Scholar
  21. National Statistical Office: Federal Bureau of Statistics, 5-SLIC Bldg., F-6/4, Blue Area, Islamabad.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations