• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


According to tradition, the kingdom was founded in the region of Lake Van by Haig, or Haik, a descendant of Noah. In 189 BC the Armenians split from the Syrians to found a native dynasty, the Artashesids. The imperialistic ambitions of King Tigranes led to war with Rome and defeated Armenia became a tributary kingdom. In the 3rd century AD it was overrun by Sassanian Persia. Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion. The persecution of Christians under Persian rule kindled nationalism, particularly after the partition in AD 387 of the kingdom between Persia and Rome. However, because of its strategic location Armenia was the constant prey of the Persians, Byzantines and Arabs, and later of the Turkish and Russian Empires.


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Further Reading

  1. Brook, S., Claws of the Crab: Georgia and Armenia in Crisis. 1992Google Scholar
  2. De Waal, Thomas, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War. 2003Google Scholar
  3. Hovannisian, R. G., The Republic of Armenia. 4 vols. 1996Google Scholar
  4. Libaridian, Gerard J., The Challenge of Statehood: Armenian Political Thinking Since Independence. 1999Google Scholar
  5. National Statistical Office: National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia, Republic Square, 3 Government House, Yerevan 375010. President: Stepan L. Mnatsakanyan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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