• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


For much of the 1st millennium AD Senegal was under the influence of the gold-rich Ghana Empire of the Soninke people. In western Senegal the Takrur state was established in the 9th century. Islam was introduced in the 11th century by the Zenega Berbers of southern Mauritania, who gave their name to the region. The power of the Malinke (Madingo) in present-day Mali expanded in the 13th and 14th centuries, especially under Mansa Musa, who subjugated Takrur and the Tukulor in Senegal. The west was dominated by the Jolof empire, which fragmented into four kingdoms in the 16th century.


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Further Reading

  1. Centre Français du Commerce Extérieur. Sénégal: unMarché. 1993Google Scholar
  2. Adams, A. and So, J., A Claim in Senegal, 1720–1994. 1996Google Scholar
  3. Gellar, Sheldon, Democracy in Senegal: Tocquevillian Analytics in Africa. 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Phillips, L. C., Historical Dictionary of Senegal. 2nd ed, revised by A. F. Clark. 1995Google Scholar
  5. National Statistical Office: Direction de la Prévision et de la Statistique, BP 116, Dakar.Google Scholar
  6. Website (French only):

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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